KY.CC. Core Content for Assessment v.4.1
SC-08-2.3. The Earth and the Universe: The Earth system is in a constant state of change. These changes affect life on earth in many ways. At the middle level, students investigate how these changes occur.
SC-08-2.3.3. Earth/Space Science: Students will explain the transfer of Earth's internal heat in the mantle (crustal movement, hotspots, geysers); describe the interacting components (convection currents) within the Earth's system.
KY.PS. Program of Studies 2006
SC-8-EU. Big Idea: The Earth and the Universe (Earth/Space Science) - The Earth system is in a constant state of change. These changes affect life on Earth in many ways. Development of conceptual understandings about processes that shape the Earth begin at the elementary level with understanding what Earth materials are and that change occurs. At the middle level, students investigate how these changes occur. An understanding of systems and their interacting components will enable students to evaluate supporting theories of Earth changes. The use of models and observance of patterns to explain common phenomena is essential to building a conceptual foundation and supporting ideas with evidence at all levels. In middle school, students begin to look beyond what can be directly observed as they explore the Earth-sun-moon system, as well as the rest of our solar system, employing the concept of scale within their models. Patterns play an important role as students seek to develop a conceptual understanding of gravity in their world and in the universe. (Academic Expectations 2.1, 2.2, 2.3)
SC-8-EU-S-3. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will observe convection currents in liquids and model the movement of molten rock within the Earth in order to explain how internal heat is transferred
SC-9-EU-U-2. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that heat flow and movement of molten rock within the interior of the Earth results in crustal changes such as earthquakes, volcanoes and continental drift.