UT.III. Students will understand the processes of rock and fossil formation.
III.4. Compare rapid and gradual changes to Earth's surface.
III.4.a. Describe how energy from the Earth's interior causes changes to Earth's surface (i.e., earthquakes, volcanoes).
UT.IV. Students will understand the relationships among energy, force, and motion.
IV.1. Investigate the transfer of energy through various materials.
IV.1.d. Compare the transfer of heat by conduction, convection, and radiation and provide examples of each.