UT.1. Intended Learning Outcome: Use Science Process and Thinking Skills.
1.b. Sort and sequence data according to a given criterion.
1.e. When given a problem, plan and conduct experiments in which they: Form research questions; Discuss possible outcomes of investigations; Identify variables; Collect data on the dependent variable(s); Select appropriate format (e.g., graph, chart, diagram) to summarize data obtained; Analyze data and construct reasonable conclusions; Prepare written and oral reports of their investigation.
1.g. Use field guides or other keys to assist in the identification of subjects studied.
UT.3. Intended Learning Outcome: Demonstrate Understanding of Science Concepts and Principles.
3.c. Compare concepts and principles based upon specific criteria.
3.d. Solve problems appropriate to grade level by applying scientific principles and procedures.
UT.4. Intended Learning Outcome: Communicate Effectively Using Science Language and Reasoning.
4.b. Use precise scientific language in oral and written communication.
4.c. Use correct English in oral and written reports.
UT.CC.RST.6-8. Reading Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Craft and Structure
RST.6-8.4. Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 6-8 texts and topics.
UT.III. Students will understand the processes of rock and fossil formation.
III.1. Compare rocks and minerals and describe how they are related.
III.1.a. Recognize that most rocks are composed of minerals.
III.1.b. Observe and describe the minerals found in rocks (e.g., shape, color, luster, texture, hardness).
III.1.c. Categorize rock samples as sedimentary, metamorphic, or igneous.
III.2. Describe the nature of the changes that rocks undergo over long periods of time.
III.2.a. Diagram and explain the rock cycle.
III.2.b. Describe the role of energy in the processes that change rock materials over time.
III.2.d. Relate gravity to changes in Earth's surface.
III.3. Describe how rock and fossil evidence is used to infer Earth's history.
III.3.a. Describe how the deposition of rock materials produces layering of sedimentary rocks over time.