UT.III. Students will understand the processes of rock and fossil formation.
III.4. Compare rapid and gradual changes to Earth's surface.
III.4.b. Describe how earthquakes and volcanoes transfer energy from Earth's interior to the surface (e.g., seismic waves transfer mechanical energy, flowing magma transfers heat and mechanical energy).
UT.IV. Students will understand the relationships among energy, force, and motion.
IV.1. Investigate the transfer of energy through various materials.
IV.1.a. Relate the energy of a wave to wavelength.