New Jersey Standards
NJ.5.4.8. Earth Systems Science: Earth operates as a set of complex, dynamic, and interconnected systems, and is a part of the all-encompassing system of the universe.
5.4.8.E. Energy in Earth Systems: Internal and external sources of energy drive Earth systems.
The Sun provides energy for plants to grow and drives convection within the atmosphere and oceans, producing winds, ocean currents, and the water cycle.
5.4.8.E.1. Explain how energy from the Sun is transformed or transferred in global wind circulation, ocean circulation, and the water cycle.
5.4.8.F. Climate and Weather: Earth's weather and climate systems are the result of complex interactions between land, ocean, ice, and atmosphere.
Climate is influenced locally and globally by atmospheric interactions with land masses and bodies of water.
5.4.8.F.2. Explain the mechanisms that cause varying daily temperature ranges in a coastal community and in a community located in the interior of the country.
5.4.8.G. Biogeochemical Cycles: The biogeochemical cycles in the Earth systems include the flow of microscopic and macroscopic resources from one reservoir in the hydrosphere, geosphere, atmosphere, or biosphere to another, are driven by Earth's internal and external sources of energy, and are impacted by human activity.
Water in the oceans holds a large amount of heat, and therefore significantly affects the global climate system.
5.4.8.G.1. Represent and explain, using sea surface temperature maps, how ocean currents impact the climate of coastal communities.