New Jersey Standards
NJ.5.2.8. Physical Science: Physical science principles, including fundamental ideas about matter, energy, and motion, are powerful conceptual tools for making sense of phenomena in physical, living, and Earth systems science.
5.2.8.D. Energy Transfer and Conservation: The conservation of energy can be demonstrated by keeping track of familiar forms of energy as they are transferred from one object to another.
Nuclear reactions take place in the Sun. In plants, light energy from the Sun is transferred to oxygen and carbon compounds, which in combination, have chemical potential energy (photosynthesis).
5.2.8.D.2. Describe the flow of energy from the Sun to the fuel tank of an automobile.
NJ.5.4.8. Earth Systems Science: Earth operates as a set of complex, dynamic, and interconnected systems, and is a part of the all-encompassing system of the universe.
5.4.8.E. Energy in Earth Systems: Internal and external sources of energy drive Earth systems.
The Sun provides energy for plants to grow and drives convection within the atmosphere and oceans, producing winds, ocean currents, and the water cycle.
5.4.8.E.1. Explain how energy from the Sun is transformed or transferred in global wind circulation, ocean circulation, and the water cycle.
5.4.8.F. Climate and Weather: Earth's weather and climate systems are the result of complex interactions between land, ocean, ice, and atmosphere.
Weather (in the short term) and climate (in the long term) involve the transfer of energy and water in and out of the atmosphere.
5.4.8.F.3. Create a model of the hydrologic cycle that focuses on the transfer of water in and out of the atmosphere. Apply the model to different climates around the world.