UT.1. Intended Learning Outcome: Use Science Process and Thinking Skills.
1.b. Sort and sequence data according to a given criterion.
1.e. When given a problem, plan and conduct experiments in which they: Form research questions; Discuss possible outcomes of investigations; Identify variables; Collect data on the dependent variable(s); Select appropriate format (e.g., graph, chart, diagram) to summarize data obtained; Analyze data and construct reasonable conclusions; Prepare written and oral reports of their investigation.
UT.3. Intended Learning Outcome: Demonstrate Understanding of Science Concepts and Principles.
3.d. Solve problems appropriate to grade level by applying scientific principles and procedures.
UT.4. Intended Learning Outcome: Communicate Effectively Using Science Language and Reasoning.
4.b. Use precise scientific language in oral and written communication.
4.c. Use correct English in oral and written reports.
UT.6. Intended Learning Outcome: Demonstrate Understanding of the Nature of Science.
6.b. Understand that science investigations use a variety of methods and do not always use the same set of procedures; understand that there is not just one 'scientific method.'
UT.CC.RST.6-8. Reading Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Craft and Structure
RST.6-8.4. Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 6-8 texts and topics.
UT.III. Students will understand the processes of rock and fossil formation.
III.1. Compare rocks and minerals and describe how they are related.
III.1.a. Recognize that most rocks are composed of minerals.
III.1.b. Observe and describe the minerals found in rocks (e.g., shape, color, luster, texture, hardness).
III.2. Describe the nature of the changes that rocks undergo over long periods of time.
III.2.a. Diagram and explain the rock cycle.
III.2.b. Describe the role of energy in the processes that change rock materials over time.
III.4. Compare rapid and gradual changes to Earth's surface.
III.4.a. Describe how energy from the Earth's interior causes changes to Earth's surface (i.e., earthquakes, volcanoes).
III.4.b. Describe how earthquakes and volcanoes transfer energy from Earth's interior to the surface (e.g., seismic waves transfer mechanical energy, flowing magma transfers heat and mechanical energy).