U.S. National Standards
N.NCSS. National Curriculum Standards for Social Studies (NCSS)
NCSS.7. PRODUCTION, DISTRIBUTION, AND CONSUMPTION
SOCIAL STUDIES PROGRAMS SHOULD INCLUDE EXPERIENCES THAT PROVIDE FOR THE STUDY OF HOW PEOPLE ORGANIZE FOR THE PRODUCTION, DISTRIBUTION, AND CONSUMPTION OF GOODS AND SERVICES.
7.1. KNOWLEDGE - Learners will understand:
7.1.8. The goods and services produced in the market and those produced by the government.
NCSS.8. SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND SOCIETY
SOCIAL STUDIES PROGRAMS SHOULD INCLUDE EXPERIENCES THAT PROVIDE FOR THE STUDY OF RELATIONSHIPS AMONG SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND SOCIETY.
8.1. KNOWLEDGE - Learners will understand:
8.1.2. How society often turns to science and technology to solve problems.
8.1.3. That media and technology are a part of every aspect of our lives.
8.1.4. The ways in which scientific findings and various forms of technology influence our daily lives.
8.1.5. That science often leads to new technology in areas such as communication and transportation, and results in change over time.
8.1.6. That science and technology can have both positive and negative impacts on individuals, society, and the globe.
8.2. PROCESSES - Learners will be able to:
8.2.1. Ask and find answers to questions about the ways in which science and technology affect our lives.
8.2.3. Identify examples of science and technology in daily life.
8.2.4. Identify examples of the use of science and technology in society as well as consequences of their use.
8.2.5. Research a scientific topic or type of technology developed in a particular time or place, and determine its impact on people's lives.
8.2.6. Identify the points of view expressed in information sources regarding science and technology.
NCSS.9. GLOBAL CONNECTIONS
SOCIAL STUDIES PROGRAMS SHOULD INCLUDE EXPERIENCES THAT PROVIDE FOR THE STUDY OF GLOBAL CONNECTIONS AND INTERDEPENDENCE.
9.1. KNOWLEDGE - Learners will understand:
9.1.1. Global connections may be of various types (e.g., cultural exchange, trade, political, economic, or travel).
9.1.2. Global connections affect daily life for individuals and those around them.
9.1.5. The pace of global change has quickened in recent times.
9.2. PROCESSES - Learners will be able to:
9.2.1. Ask and find answers to questions about the connections we have to other people and places around the globe.
9.2.2. Identify examples of global connections in their community, state, or region.
9.2.6. Examine the ways in which technology affects global connections.
N.NSCG. National Standards for Civics and Government (NSCG)
IV.B. What is the Relationship of the United States to Other Nations and to World Affairs? How do nations interact with one another?
IV.B.1. Interaction among nations: Students should be able to explain the major ways nations interact with one another. To achieve this standard, students should be able to
IV.B.1.1. Explain how nations interact through
IV.B.1.1.a. Trade, e.g., buying and selling manufactured and agricultural goods such as airplanes, farm equipment, clothing, food
N.NCSE. National Content Standards in Economics (NCSE)
Students will understand that productive resources are limited. Therefore, people cannot have all the goods and services they want; as a result, they must choose some things and give up others. Students will be able to use this knowledge to identify what they gain and what they give up when they make choices.
1.1. At the completion of Grade 4, students will know that:
1.1.11. Most people produce and consume. As producers they help make goods and services; as consumers they use goods and services to satisfy their wants.
1.2. At the completion of Grade 4, students will use this knowledge to:
1.2.11. Identify people who are consumers and provide examples in which students were consumers of goods and services. Identify people who are producers and provide examples of situations in which students helped produce goods and services.
Students will understand that different methods can be used to allocate goods and services. People acting individually or collectively must choose which methods to use to allocate different kinds of goods and services. Students will be able to use this knowledge to evaluate different methods of allocating goods and services, by comparing the benefits to the costs of each method.
3.1. At the completion of Grade 4, students will know that:
3.1.1. No method of distributing goods and services can satisfy all wants.
Students will understand that different methods can be used to allocate goods and services. People acting individually or collectively must choose which methods to use to allocate different kinds of goods and services. Students will be able to use this knowledge to evaluate different methods of allocating goods and services, by comparing the benefits to the costs of each method
3.1. At the completion of Grade 4, students will know that:
3.1.2. There are different ways to distribute goods and services (by prices, command, majority rule, contests, force, first-come/first-served, sharing equally, lottery, personal characteristics, and others), and there are advantages and disadvantages to each.
NCSE.11. Money and Inflation
Students will understand that money makes it easier to trade, borrow, save, invest, and compare the value of goods and services. The amount of money in the economy affects the overall price level. Inflation is an increase in the overall price level that reduces the value of money. Students will be able to use this knowledge to explain how their lives would be more difficult in a world with no money, or in a world where money sharply lost its value.
11.1. At the completion of Grade 4, students will know that:
11.1.3. People consume goods and services, not money; money is useful primarily because it can be used to buy goods and services.
11.1.4. Producers use natural resources, human resources, and capital goods (not money) to make goods and services.
N.NCHS. National Center for History in Schools (NCHS)
NCHS.4. Topic 4: The History of Peoples of Many Cultures Around the World
4.8. Major discoveries in science and technology, their social and economic effects, and the scientists and inventors responsible for them.
4.8A. The student understands the development of technological innovations, the major scientists and inventors associated with them and their social and economic effects.
4.8B. The student understands changes in transportation and their effects.