CT.1. History: Historical Thinking: Students will develop historical thinking skills, including chronological thinking and recognizing change over time; contextualizing, comprehending and analyzing historical literature; researching historical sources; understanding the concept of historical causation; understanding competing narratives and interpretation; and constructing narratives and interpretation.
1.2. Engage in reading challenging primary and secondary historical source materials, some of which is contradictory and requires questioning of validity.
1.4. Identify the main idea in a source of historical information.
CT.2. Geography: Physical Systems: Students will use spatial perspective to explain the physical processes that shape the Earth's surface and its ecosystems.
2.1. Identify the types of physical systems and their characteristics that affect the Earth's surface Demonstrate how Earth-sun relationships shape climate and vegetation patterns.
CT.3. History: Historical Themes: Students will apply their understanding of historical periods, issues and trends to examine such historical themes as ideals, beliefs and institutions; conflict and conflict resolution; human movement and interaction; and science and technology in order to understand how the world came to be the way it is.
3.7. Identify individual achievements of scientists and inventors from many cultures and different historical periods and describe their achievements.