Tennessee Academic Standards
TN.4. FOURTH GRADE SOCIAL STUDIES - The History of the United States: Colonization to Reconstruction
The United States Prior the Civil War (1820s-1861)
Overview: Students will explore the events that led to the Civil War, focusing on the impact of slavery, the abolition movement, and the major differences of the states.
4.26. Identify abolitionist leaders and their approaches to ending slavery, including: Frederick Douglass; William Lloyd Garrison; Sojourner Truth; Harriet Tubman [C, H, P]
4.27. Explain how slavery became a national issue during the mid-19th century, including the significance of: Missouri Compromise; Compromise of 1850; Uncle Tom’s Cabin; Kansas-Nebraska Act; Dred Scott v. Sandford decision; John Brown’s Raid (on Harper’s Ferry) [C, E, G, H, P]
The Civil War and Reconstruction (1861-1870s)
Overview: Students will understand the causes and course of the Civil War and the successes and failures of Reconstruction.
4.30. Explain the efforts of both the Union and the Confederacy to secure the border states for their causes. [G, H, P]
4.31. Explain how the Union’s Anaconda Plan used geographic features to isolate and defeat regions of the south and the Confederacy as a whole. [G, H, P]
4.32. Describe the roles of major leaders during the Civil War, including: Jefferson Davis; Ulysses S. Grant; Robert E. Lee; President Abraham Lincoln [C, G, H, P]
4.33. Evaluate the significant contributions made by women during the Civil War, including Clara Barton and Dorothea Dix. [C, H]
4.34. Examine the significance and outcomes of key battles and events of the Civil War, including: First Battle of Bull Run; Battle of Shiloh; Battle of Gettysburg; Battle of Antietam [G, H, T]
4.35. Explain the purpose of the Emancipation Proclamation, and identify its impact on the country. [C, G, H, P]
4.36. Describe the significance of the Gettysburg Address. [C, H, P]
4.38. Describe the impact President Abraham Lincoln’s assassination had on the nation. [C, H, P]