Washington DC Academic Standards
DC.4. U.S. History and Geography: Making a New Nation
AGE OF EXPLORATION (15TH–16TH CENTURIES)
4.3. Students trace the routes of early explorers and describe the early explorations of the Americas.
4.3.3. Locate the North, Central, Caribbean, and South American land claimed by European countries. (G)
4.5. Students describe the productive resources and market relationships that existed in early America.
4.5.2. Identify how the colonial and early American economy exhibited these characteristics. (G, E)
4.5.3. Understand the development of technology and the impact of major inventions on business productivity during the early development of the United States. (E, I)
SETTLING THE COLONIES TO THE 1700S
4.6. Students describe the cooperation and conflict that existed among the Native Americans and between the Indian nations and the new settlers.
4.6.1. Describe the competition between European nations for control of North America. (G)
4.6.2. Understand the major ways Native Americans and colonists used the land, adapted to it, and changed the environment. (G)
4.7. Students understand the political, religious, social, and economic institutions that evolved in the colonial era.
4.7.1. Locate and identify the first 13 colonies and explain how their location and natural environment influenced their development. (G)
4.7.2. Explain the significance of the relative location of a place (e.g., proximity to a harbor, on trade routes) when reviewing the settlement patterns of colonists. (G, E)
4.7.3. Identify major leaders and groups responsible for the founding of the original colonies in North America and the reasons for their founding (e.g., Lord Baltimore, Maryland; John Smith, Virginia; Roger Williams, Rhode Island; and John Winthrop, Massachusetts). (P)
4.7.4. Understand the early democratic ideas and practices that emerged during the colonial period, including the significance of representative assemblies and town meetings. (P)
4.7.10. Explain how the British colonial period created the basis for the development of political self-government and a free-market economic system. (P, E)
THE WAR FOR INDEPENDENCE (1760–1789)
4.8. Students explain the causes of the American Revolution.
4.8.1. Explain the effects of transportation and communication on American independence (e.g., long travel time to England fostered local economic independence, and regional identities developed in the colonies through regular communication).
4.11. Students compare and contrast 15th-through-18th-century America and the United States of the 21st century with respect to population, settlement, patterns, resource use, transportation systems, human livelihoods, and economic activity. (G, E)