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First Americans Fifth Grade Social Studies
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New England, Middle, and Southern Colonies Fifth Grade Social Studies

New Mexico Standards for Fourth Grade Social Studies

NM.I: History: Students are able to identify important people and events in order to analyze significant patterns, relationships, themes, ideas, beliefs, and turning points in New Mexico, United States, and world history in order to understand the complexity of the human experience.

I-B: United States: Understand connections among historical events, people, and symbols significant to United States history and cultures.

I-B:1. Describe local events and their connections and relationships to national history.
Northeastern Region USWorksheets :3Study Guides :1ColonizationWorksheets :3Study Guides :1AlgonquiansWorksheets :3IroquoisWorksheets :3Early SettlementsWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Western Region USWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Notable PeopleWorksheets :6Study Guides :1Westward ExpansionWorksheets :3Study Guides :1New England, Middle, and Southern ColoniesWorksheets :7Study Guides :1Middle Western Region USWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Industrialization/EconomicsWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Southwestern Region USWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Pioneer LifeWorksheets :7Study Guides :1Industrial Growth & ExpansionWorksheets :3UrbanizationWorksheets :3American Symbols & HolidaysFreeWorksheets :5Study Guides :6U.S. PresidentsFreeWorksheets :5Study Guides :1Westward ExpansionWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Tall TalesWorksheets :3Study Guides :1African American HistoryWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Time LinesWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Famous ExplorersWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Famous AmericansWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Civil WarWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Pioneer LifeWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Presidential HistoryWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Colonial LifeWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Colonial PeriodFreeWorksheets :3Southeastern Region USWorksheets :3Study Guides :1European/Native American EncounterWorksheets :7Study Guides :1Tales of Long AgoWorksheets :3Study Guides :1The RevolutionFreeWorksheets :7Study Guides :1Leading Up to the RevolutionWorksheets :6Study Guides :1Notable People-Westward ExpansionWorksheets :4Study Guides :1

I-C: World: Students will identify and describe similar historical characteristics of the United States and its neighboring countries.

I-C:1. Explain how historical events, people, and culture influence present day Canada, Mexico, and the United States (e.g., food, art, shelter, language).
Famous ExplorersWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Northeastern Region USWorksheets :3Study Guides :1ColonizationWorksheets :3Study Guides :1AlgonquiansWorksheets :3IroquoisWorksheets :3Early SettlementsWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Western Region USWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Notable PeopleWorksheets :6Study Guides :1Westward ExpansionWorksheets :3Study Guides :1New England, Middle, and Southern ColoniesWorksheets :7Study Guides :1Middle Western Region USWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Industrialization/EconomicsWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Southwestern Region USWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Pioneer LifeWorksheets :7Study Guides :1Industrial Growth & ExpansionWorksheets :3UrbanizationWorksheets :3American Symbols & HolidaysFreeWorksheets :5Study Guides :6U.S. Court SystemWorksheets :3Study Guides :1U.S. PresidentsFreeWorksheets :5Study Guides :1Westward ExpansionWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Tall TalesWorksheets :3Study Guides :1African American HistoryWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Other Cultures Contribute to U.S. CultureWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Time LinesWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Famous ExplorersWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Famous AmericansWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Civil WarWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Famous AmericansWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Pioneer LifeWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Presidential HistoryWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Colonial LifeWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Colonial PeriodFreeWorksheets :3Southeastern Region USWorksheets :3Study Guides :1European/Native American EncounterWorksheets :7Study Guides :1Tales of Long AgoWorksheets :3Study Guides :1The RevolutionFreeWorksheets :7Study Guides :1Leading Up to the RevolutionWorksheets :6Study Guides :1Notable People-Westward ExpansionWorksheets :4Study Guides :1

I-D: Skills: Understand time passage and chronology.

I-D:1. Describe and explain how historians and archaeologists provide information about people in different time periods.

NM.II: Geography: Students understand how physical, natural, and cultural processes influence where people live, the ways in which people live, and how societies interact with one another and their environments.

II-A: Understand the concept of location by using and constructing maps, globes, and other geographic tools to identify and derive information about people, places, and environments.

II-A:1. Apply geographic tools of title, grid system, legends, symbols, scale and compass rose to construct and interpret maps;
II-A:2. Translate geographic information into a variety of formats such as graphs, maps, diagrams and charts;
II-A:3. Draw conclusions and make generalizations from geographic information and inquiry;

II-B: Distinguish between natural and human characteristics of places and use this knowledge to define regions, their relationships with other regions, and patterns of change.

II-B:1. Identify a region as an area with unifying characteristics (e.g., human, weather, agriculture, industry, natural characteristics).
II-B:2. Describe the regions of New Mexico, the United States, and the Western Hemisphere.

II-C: Be familiar with aspects of human behavior and man-made and natural environments in order to recognize their impact on the past and present.

II-C:3. Understand how visual data (e.g., maps, graphs, diagrams, tables, charts) organizes and presents geographic information.

II-D: Understand how physical processes shape the Earth's surface patterns and biosystems.

II-D:1. Explain how the Earth-Sun relationships produce day and night, seasons, major climatic variations, and cause the need for time zones.
II-D:2. Describe the four provinces (plains, mountains, plateau, and basin and range) that make up New Mexico's land surface (geographic conditions).

II-E: Describe how economic, political, cultural, and social processes interact to shape patterns of human populations, and their interdependence, cooperation, and conflict.

II-E:1. Describe how cultures change.
II-E:2. Describe how geographic factors influence the location and distribution of economic activities.
II-E:4. Identify the causes of human migration.

II-F: Describe how natural and man-made changes affect the meaning, use, distribution, and value of resources.

II-F:1. Identify the distributions of natural and man-made resources in New Mexico, the Southwest, and the United States.

NM.III: Civics and Government: Students understand the ideals, rights, and responsibilities of citizenship and understand the content and history of the founding documents of the United States with particular emphasis on the United States and New Mexico constitutions and how governments function at local, state, tribal, and national levels.

III-A: Know the fundamental purposes, concepts, structures, and functions of local, state, tribal, and national governments.

III-A:1. Explain how the organization of New Mexico's government changed during its early history.
III-A:2. Compare how the State of New Mexico serves national interests and the interests of New Mexicans.
III-A:3. Explain the difference between making laws, carrying out the laws, and determining if the laws have been broken, and identify the government bodies that perform these functions at the local, state, tribal, and national levels.

III-B: Identify and describe the symbols, icons, songs, traditions, and leaders of local, state, tribal, and national levels that exemplify ideals and provide continuity and a sense of community across time.

III-B:1. Describe various cultures and the communities they represent, and explain how they have evolved over time.

III-C: Become familiar with the basic purposes of government in New Mexico and the United States.

III-C:1. Compare and contrast how the various governments have applied rules/laws, majority rule, ''public good,'' and protections of the minority in different periods of New Mexico's history.

III-D: Understand rights and responsibilities of ''good citizenship'' as members of a family, school and community.

III-D:1. Explain the difference between rights and responsibilities, why we have rules and laws, and the role of citizenship in promoting them.

NM.IV: Economics: Students understand basic economic principles and use economic reasoning skills to analyze the impact of economic systems (including the market economy) on individuals, families, businesses, communities, and governments.

IV-A: Understand that individuals, households, businesses, governments, and societies make decisions that affect the distribution of resources and that these decisions are influenced by incentives (both economic and intrinsic).

IV-A:1. Understand when choices are made that those choices impose ''opportunity costs.''
IV-A:2. Describe different economic, public, and/or community incentives (wages, business profits, amenities rights for property owners and renters).
IV-A:3. Illustrate how resources can be used in alternative ways and, sometimes, allocated to different users.
IV-A:4. Explain why there may be unequal distribution of resources (e.g., among people, communities, states, nations).

IV-B: Understand that economic systems impact the way individuals, households, businesses, governments, and societies make decisions about goods and services.

IV-B:2. Explain that government raises money by taxing and borrowing to pay for the goods and services it provides.

IV-C: Understand the patterns and results of trade and exchange among individuals, households, businesses, governments, and societies, and their interdependent qualities.

IV-C:1. Identify patterns of work and economic activity in New Mexico and their sustainability over time (e.g., farming, ranching, mining, retail, transportation, manufacturing, tourism, high tech).
IV-C:2. Explain how New Mexico, the United States, and other parts of the world are economically interdependent.