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Geography Kindergarten Social Studies
Geography Kindergarten Social Studies
Geography Kindergarten Social Studies
Past or Present First Grade Social Studies
Being a Good Citizen Kindergarten Social Studies
Being a Good Citizen Kindergarten Social Studies

Pennsylvania Standards for Fourth Grade Social Studies

PA.5.4. Civics and Government

5.1.4. Principles and Documents of Government

Documents and Ideals that Shape Pennsylvania and US Government
5.1.4.D. Identify key ideas about government found in significant documents:
5.1.4.D.1. Declaration of Independence5.1.4.D.2. United States Constitution5.1.4.D.3. Bill of Rights5.1.4.D.4. Pennsylvania Constitution.
Principles and Ideals that Shape Government
5.1.4.C. Explain the principles and ideals shaping local and state government.
5.1.4.C.1. Liberty / Freedom5.1.4.C.2. Democracy5.1.4.C.3. Justice5.1.4.C.4. Equality
Symbols
5.1.4.F. Identify state symbols, national symbols, and national holidays.

5.2.4. Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship

Civics Rights and Responsibilities
5.2.4.A. Identify individual rights and needs and the rights and needs of others in the classroom, school, and community.
Competent and Responsible Citizens
5.2.4.D. Describe how citizens participate in school and community activities.
Leadership and Public Service
5.2.4.C. Describe the roles of leadership and public service in school, community, state, and nation.

5.3.4. How Government Works

Branches of Government
5.3.4.A. Identify the roles of the three branches of government.
Conflict and the Court System
5.3.4.F. Explain how different perspectives can lead to conflict.
Elements of the Election Process
5.3.4.E. Explain the voting process.
Leadership and Political Elections
5.3.4.D. Identify positions of authority at the local and state, and national level.
Structure, Organization, and Operation of Governments
5.3.4.B. Describe how the elected representative bodies function in making local and state laws.

PA.6.4. Economics

6.1.4. Scarcity and Choice

Incentives and Choice
6.1.4.D. Explain what influences the choices people make.
Limited Resources
6.1.4.B.1. Recognize the difference between basic needs and wants.
6.1.4.B.2. Explain the role of producers in making goods and providing services.
Opportunity Costs
6.1.4.C. Illustrate what individuals or organizations give up when making a choice.
Scarcity and Choice
6.1.4.A. Identify scarcity of resources in a local community.

6.4.4. Economic Interdependence

Trade
6.4.4.B. Explain why nations trade.

6.5.4. Income, Profit, and Wealth

Costs and Benefits of Saving
6.5.4.G. Compare different ways people save.

PA.7.4. Geography

7.1.4. Basic Geographic Literacy

Geographic Tools
7.1.4.A. Describe how common geographic tools are used to organize and interpret information about people, places, and environment.
Location of Places and Regions
7.1.4.B. Describe and locate places and regions as defined by physical and human features.

7.2.4. Physical Characteristics of Places and Regions

Physical Characteristics
7.2.4.A. Identify the physical characteristics of places and regions.
Physical Processes
7.2.4.B. Identify the basic physical processes that affect the physical characteristics of places and regions.

7.3.4. Human Characteristics of Places and Regions

Human Characteristics
7.3.4.A. Identify the human characteristics of places and regions using the following criteria:
7.3.4.A.2. Culture7.3.4.A.4. Economic activities7.3.4.A.5. Political activities

7.4.4. Interactions Between People and the Environment

Impact of People on Physical Systems
7.4.4.B. Identify the effect of people on the physical systems within a community.

PA.8.4. History

8.1.4. Historical Analysis and Skills Development

Fact/Opinion and Points of View
8.1.4.B. Distinguish between fact and opinion from multiple points of view, and primary sources as related to historical events.

8.2.4. Pennsylvania History

Impact of Continuity and Change on PA History
8.2.4.C. Explain how continuity and change in Pennsylvania history have influenced personal development and identity.
8.2.4.C.4. Politics and government8.2.4.C.5. Physical and human geography

8.3.4. United States History

Contributions of Individuals and Groups (US History)
8.3.4.A. Differentiate common characteristics of the social, political, cultural and economic groups in United States history.
Historical Documents and Artifacts (US History)
8.3.4.B. Locate historical documents, artifacts, and places critical to United States history.
Impact of Continuity and Change on US History
8.3.4.C. Explain how continuity and change in U.S. history have influenced personal development and identity.
8.3.4.C.4. Politics and government8.3.4.C.5. Physical and human geography

8.4.4. World History

Contributions of Individuals and Groups (World)
8.4.4.A. Differentiate common characteristics of the social, political, cultural, and economic groups in world history.
Historical Documents, Artifacts, and Sites (World)
8.4.4.B. Locate historical documents, artifacts, and sites, which are critical to World history.
Impact of Continuity and Change (World)
8.4.4.C. Explain how continuity and change in world history have influenced personal development and identity.
8.4.4.C.4. Politics and government8.4.4.C.5. Physical and human geography