South Carolina Standards & Learning
SC.4. United States Studies to 1865
4-4: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the beginnings of America as a nation and the establishment of the new government.
After independence was declared, Americans were faced with creating a new form of government that would embody the ideals for which they had fought. To understand the development of these United States into a new nation, the student will utilize the knowledge and skills set forth in the following indicators:
4-4.4. Compare the roles and accomplishments of early leaders in the development of the new nation, including George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, John Marshall, and James Madison.
4-5: The student will demonstrate an understanding of westward expansion of the United States and its impact on the institution of slavery.
The new century saw the United States transformed by exponential growth through land acquisitions in the West. This expansion resulted in harm to Native Americans and continued the debate on the "peculiar institution" of slavery. To understand the impact of westward expansion on the United States as a whole, the student will utilize the knowledge and skills set forth in the following indicators:
4-5.3. Explain the purpose, location, and impact of key United States acquisitions in the first half of the nineteenth century, including the Louisiana Purchase, the Florida Purchase, the Oregon Treaty, the annexation of Texas, and the Mexican Cession.
4-6: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the causes, the course, and the effects of the American Civil War.
Regional economic interests led to social and political differences that seemed insurmountable by 1860. To understand why the United States was forced to settle sectional differences through civil war, the student will utilize the knowledge and skills set forth in the following indicators:
4-6.4. Summarize significant battles, strategies, and turning points of the Civil War, including the battles of Fort Sumter and Gettysburg, the Emancipation Proclamation, the role of African Americans in the war, the surrender at Appomattox, and the assassination of President Lincoln.
SC.4-SSLS. Social Studies Literacy Skills for the Twenty-First Century
4-SSLS.1. Literacy Skills for Social Studies
4-SSLS.1.8. Cite details from a text to support conclusions made from that text.
4-SSLS.3. Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Other Technical Subjects
4-SSLS.3.1. Cite details from a text to support conclusions made from that text.
4-SSLS.3.2. Interpret visual information to deepen his or her understanding.