IL.16. History: Understand events, trends, individuals and movements shaping the history of Illinois, the United States and other nations.
16.B. Understand the development of significant political events.
16.B.2e. World History: Describe the historical development of monarchies, oligarchies and city-states in ancient civilizations.
IL.17. Geography: Understand world geography and the effects of geography on society, with an emphasis on the United States.
17.A. Locate, describe and explain places, regions and features on the Earth.
17.A.2a. Compare the physical characteristics of places including soils, land forms, vegetation, wildlife, climate, natural hazards.
17.C. Understand relationships between geographic factors and society.
17.C.2c. Explain how human activity affects the environment.
IL.18. Social Systems: Understand social systems, with an emphasis on the United States.
18.B. Understand the roles and interactions of individuals and groups in society.
18.B.2a. Describe interactions of individuals, groups and institutions in situations drawn from the local community (e.g., local response to state and national reforms).