California Content Standards
CA.4. California: A Changing State
4.5. Students understand the structures, functions, and powers of the local, state, and federal governments as described in the U.S. Constitution.
4.5.1. Discuss what the U.S. Constitution is and why it is important (i.e., a written document that defines the structure and purpose of the U.S. government and describes the shared powers of federal, state, and local governments).
4.5.2. Understand the purpose of the California Constitution, its key principles, and its relationship to the U.S. Constitution.
4.5.3. Describe the similarities (e.g., written documents, rule of law, consent of the governed, three separate branches) and differences (e.g., scope of jurisdiction, limits on government powers, use of the military) among federal, state, and local governments.
4.5.4. Explain the structures and functions of state governments, including the roles and responsibilities of their elected officials.