New Jersey Student Learning Standards
NJ.SS.6.1.4. U.S. History: America in the World: All students will acquire the knowledge and skills to think analytically about how past and present interactions of people, cultures, and the environment shape the American heritage. Such knowledge and skills enable students to make informed decisions that reflect fundamental rights and core democratic values as productive citizens in local, national, and global communities.
6.1.4.A. Civics, Government, and Human Rights
Rules and laws are developed to protect people’s rights and the security and welfare of society. The United States Constitution and Bill of Rights guarantee certain fundamental rights for citizens.
6.1.4.A.2. Explain how fundamental rights guaranteed by the United States Constitution and the Bill of Rights (i.e., freedom of expression, freedom of religion, the right to vote, and the right to due process) contribute to the continuation and improvement of American democracy.
There are different branches within the United States government, each with its own structure, leaders, and processes, and each designed to address specific issues and concerns.
6.1.4.A.4. Explain how the United States government is organized and how the United States Constitution defines and checks the power of government.
6.1.4.A.5. Distinguish the roles and responsibilities of the three branches of the national government.
In a representative democracy, individuals elect representatives to act on the behalf of the people.
6.1.4.A.7. Explain how the United States functions as a representative democracy, and describe the roles of elected representatives and how they interact with citizens at local, state, and national levels.
The examination of individual experiences, historical narratives, and events promotes an understanding of individual and community responses to the violation of fundamental rights.
6.1.4.A.9. Compare and contrast responses of individuals and groups, past and present, to violations of fundamental rights (e.g., fairness, civil rights, human rights).
6.1.4.D. History, Culture, and Perspectives
Key historical events, documents, and individuals led to the development of our nation.
6.1.4.D.4. Explain how key events led to the creation of the United States and the state of New Jersey.
6.1.4.D.5. Relate key historical documents (i.e., the Mayflower Compact, the Declaration of Independence, the United States Constitution, and the Bill of Rights) to present day government and citizenship.
6.1.4.D.6. Describe the civic leadership qualities and historical contributions of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and Benjamin Franklin toward the development of the United States government.
American culture, based on specific traditions and values, has been influenced by the behaviors of different cultural groups living in the United States.
6.1.4.D.14. Trace how the American identity evolved over time.