Georgia Standards of Excellence
GA.SS.4. Fourth Grade - United States History Year 2: Revolution to Reconstruction
SS4H. Historical Understandings
SS4H3. Explain westward expansion in America.
SS4H3.b. Describe the impact of westward expansion on American Indians; include the Trail of Tears, Battle of Little Bighorn and the forced relocation of American Indians to reservations.
SS4H3.c. Describe territorial expansion with emphasis on the Louisiana Purchase, the Lewis and Clark expedition, and the acquisitions of Texas (the Alamo and independence), Oregon (Oregon Trail), and California (Gold Rush and the development of mining towns).
SS4G. Geographic Understandings
SS4G2. Describe how physical systems affect human systems.
SS4G2.b. Describe physical barriers that hindered and physical gateways that benefited territorial expansion from 1801 to 1861.
SS4E. Economic Understandings
SS4E1. Use the basic economic concepts of trade, opportunity cost, specialization, voluntary exchange, productivity, and price incentives to illustrate historical events.
SS4E1.a. Describe opportunity cost and its relationship to decision-making across time (e.g., decisions to settle in the west).
SS4E1.d. Explain how voluntary exchange helps both buyers and sellers (e.g., Gold Rush mining towns).
SS4E1.f. Give examples of technological advancements and their impact on business productivity during the development of the United States (e.g., cotton gin, steamboat, steam locomotive, and telegraph).
GA.IPS.4. Information Processing Skills
IPS.5. Identify main idea, detail, sequence of events, and cause and effect in a social studies context
IPS.11. Draw conclusions and make generalizations