New York State Learning Standards and Core Curriculum
NY.RH.5-8. Reading Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies
Craft and Structure
RH.5-8.4. Determine the meanings of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies.
RH.5-8.5. Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally).
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
RH.5-8.10. By the end of grade 8, read and comprehend history/social studies texts in the grades 5-8 text complexity band independently and proficiently.
NY.5P. Grade 5: Social Studies Practices
5P.A. Gathering, Interpreting, and Using Evidence
5P.A.1. Develop questions to help identify evidence about topics related to the historical events occurring in the Western Hemisphere that can be answered by gathering, interpreting, and using evidence.
5P.A.5. Identify implicit ideas to draw inference, with support.
5P.B. Chronological Reasoning
5P.B.3. Identify causes and effects using examples from current events or grade-level content and historical events.
5P.B.7. Use periods of time such as decades and centuries to organize a historical narrative; compare histories in different places in the Western Hemisphere utilizing timelines.
5P.B.9. Understand the role of periodization as a practice in history and social studies.
5P.C. Comparison and Contextualization
5P.C.3. Describe and compare events in the history of the Western Hemisphere in societies in similar chronological contexts and in various geographical contexts.
5P.C.4. Identify how the relationship between geography, economics, and history helps to define a context for events in the study of the Western Hemisphere.
5P.C.5. Describe historical developments in the history of the Western Hemisphere with specific references to circumstances of time and place and to connections to broader regional or global processes, with teacher support.
NY.5. The Western Hemisphere
5.3. EUROPEAN EXPLORATION AND ITS EFFECTS: Various European powers explored and eventually colonized the Western Hemisphere. This had a profound effect on Native Americans and led to the transatlantic slave trade. (Standards: 1, 2, 3, 4; Themes: MOV, TCC, GEO, ECO, EXCH)
5.3a. Europeans traveled to the Americas in search of new trade routes, including a northwest passage, and resources. They hoped to gain wealth, power, and glory.
5.3a.2. Students will map the key areas of the Western Hemisphere that were colonized by the English, Dutch, French, Portuguese, and Spanish, comparing the locations, relative sizes, and key resources of these regions.
5.3b. Europeans encountered and interacted with Native Americans in a variety of ways.
5.3b.1. Students will examine how Native Americans viewed the newcomers.