UT.I. United States Studies: Students will understand how the exploration and colonization of North America transformed human history.
I.B. The era of the exploration and colonization of the Americas by Europeans marked the beginning of the recorded history of what is now the United States. This period also marked the beginning of global trade and cultural exchanges that would alter the lives of people around the world. This era would significantly affect the range of personal freedom among individuals and groups in the Americas. The growing conflicts between American Indian populations and European colonists, and the expansion of the African slave trade provide contrasts to the emerging development of self-rule.
I.1: Describe and explain the growth and development of the early American colonies.
I.1.e. Compare the geographic and cultural differences between the New England, Middle, and Southern colonies (e.g., religious, economic, political).
I.1.f. Analyze contributions of American Indian people to the colonial settlements.
I.2: Assess the global impact of cultural and economic diffusion as a result of colonization.
I.2.b. Analyze and explain the population decline in American Indian populations (i.e. disease, warfare, displacement).
I.3: Distinguish between the rights and responsibilities held by different groups of people during the colonial period.
I.3.a. Compare the varying degrees of freedom held by different groups (e.g. American Indians, landowners, women, indentured servants, enslaved people).
I.3.b. Explain how early leaders established the first colonial governments (e.g. Mayflower compact, charters).
UT.II. United States Studies: Students will understand the chronology and significance of key events leading to self-government.
II.B. The English colonies in North America began to organize and discuss creating an independent form of government separate from England's rule. After making their case in their Declaration of Independence, the colonies engaged in a Revolutionary war that culminated in their independence and the creation of a new nation, the United States of America.
II.1: Describe how the movement toward revolution culminated in a Declaration of Independence.
II.1.a. Explain the role of events that led to declaring independence (e.g., French and Indian War, Stamp Act, Boston Tea Party).