Virginia Standards of Learning
VA.SS.VS. Virginia Studies
VS.1. The student will demonstrate skills for historical thinking, geographical analysis, economic decision making, and responsible citizenship by:
VS.1.c. Interpreting charts, graphs, and pictures to determine characteristics of people, places, or events in Virginia history.
VS.1.d. Recognizing points of view and historical perspectives.
VS.1.e. Comparing and contrasting ideas and cultural perspectives in Virginia history.
VS.1.f. Determining relationships with multiple causes or effects in Virginia history.
VS.1.g. Explaining connections across time and place.
Virginia: The Physical Geography and Native Peoples
VS.2. The student will demonstrate an understanding of the relationship between physical geography and the lives of the native peoples, past and present, of Virginia by:
VS.2.f. Describing how archaeologists have recovered new material evidence at sites including Werowocomoco and Jamestown.
Colonization and Conflict: 1607 through the American Revolution
VS.3. The student will demonstrate an understanding of the first permanent English settlement in America by:
VS.3.a. Explaining the reasons for English colonization.
VS.3.b. Describing the economic and geographic influences on the decision to settle at Jamestown.
VS.3.c. Describing the importance of the charters of the Virginia Company of London in establishing the Jamestown settlement.
VS.3.d. Identifying the importance of the General Assembly (1619) as the first representative legislative body in English America.
VS.3.e. Identifying the impact of the arrival of Africans and English women to the Jamestown settlement.
VS.3.f. Describing the hardships faced by settlers at Jamestown and the changes that took place to ensure survival.
VS.3.g. Describing the interactions between the English settlers and the native peoples, including the role of the Powhatan in the survival of the settlers.
VS.5. The student will demonstrate an understanding of the role of Virginia in the American Revolution by:
VS.5.a. Identifying the reasons why the colonies went to war with Great Britain, as expressed in the Declaration of Independence.
VA.SS.USI. United States History to 1865
Exploration to Revolution: Pre-Columbian Times to the 1770s
USI.4. The student will apply social science skills to understand European exploration in North America and West Africa by:
USI.4.b. Describing cultural and economic interactions between Europeans and American Indians that led to cooperation and conflict, with emphasis on the American Indian and European concept of land.
USI.5. The student will apply social science skills to understand the factors that shaped colonial America by:
USI.5.b. Describing life in the New England, Mid-Atlantic, and Southern colonies, with emphasis on how people interacted with their environment to produce goods and services.
USI.5.c. Describing specialization of and interdependence among New England, Mid-Atlantic, and Southern colonies.
USI.5.d. Describing colonial life in America from the perspectives of large landowners, farmers, artisans, merchants, women, free African Americans, indentured servants, and enslaved African Americans.
USI.5.e. Explaining the political and economic relationships between the colonies and Great Britain.
Revolution and the New Nation: 1770s to the Early 1800s
USI.6. The student will apply social science skills to understand the causes and results of the American Revolution by:
USI.6.a. Explaining the issues of dissatisfaction that led to the American Revolution.
VA.SS.VUS. Virginia and United States History
VUS.1. The student will demonstrate skills for historical thinking, geographical analysis, economic decision making, and responsible citizenship by:
VUS.1.a. Synthesizing evidence from artifacts and primary and secondary sources to obtain information about events in Virginia and United States history.
VUS.1.d. Constructing arguments, using evidence from multiple sources.
VUS.1.e. Comparing and contrasting historical, cultural, economic, and political perspectives in Virginia and United States history.
VUS.1.f. Explaining how indirect cause-and-effect relationships impact people, places, and events in Virginia and United States history.
VUS.1.g. Analyzing multiple connections across time and place.
VUS.1.h. Using a decision-making model to analyze and explain the incentives for and consequences of a specific choice made.
VUS.1.j. Investigating and researching to develop products orally and in writing.
Early America: Settlement and Colonization
VUS.2. The student will apply social science skills to understand the impact of the Age of Exploration by:
VUS.2.a. Describing the characteristics of early exploration and evaluating the impact of European settlement in the Americas.
VUS.2.b. Analyzing the cultural interactions among American Indians, Europeans, and Africans.
VUS.3. The student will apply social science skills to understand early European colonization by:
VUS.3.a. Evaluating the economic characteristics of the colonies.
VUS.3.b. Analyzing how social and political factors impacted the culture of the colonies.
Revolution and the New Nation
VUS.4. The student will apply social science skills to understand the issues and events leading to and during the Revolutionary Period by:
VUS.4.c. Explaining how conflicting loyalties created political differences among the colonists concerning separation from Great Britain.