Massachusetts Curriculum Frameworks
Literacy Standards for History and Social Science
Grades 3-5 Reading Standards for Literacy in the Content Areas: History/Social Science
Key Ideas and Details
1 Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences (See grades 3-5 Writing Standard 8 for more on paraphrasing.)
2 Determine the main ideas of a text and explain how it is supported by key details; summarize a text.
3 Explain events, ideas, and concepts in a civics, geography, economics, or history text, based on specific information in the text.
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
10 Independently and proficiently read and comprehend history/social studies texts exhibiting complexity appropriate for the grades 3-5.
Grade 5 – United States History to the Civil War and the Modern Civil Rights Movement
Topic 4. The growth of the Republic – Supporting Question: How did events of the early Republic test the newly-founded United States?
23 Identify the first three Presidents of the United States (George Washington, 1787-1797, John Adams, 1797-1801, and Thomas Jefferson, 1801-1809); summarize key developments during their time (e.g., the founding of political parties in the 1790s; the first Bank of the U.S., the Alien and Sedition Acts in 1798; the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, the Haitian Revolution in 1804), and evaluate their leadership of the new nation.
24 Evaluate the importance to the nation of the Louisiana Purchase and trace the expedition of Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, with Sacagawea and the Corps of Discovery, from 1803 to 1806.
27 Explain 19th century conflicts between Native Peoples and national, state, and local governments in the United States over land ownership and rights to self-government:
b. President Andrew Jackson and the Indian Removal Act (1830), which forced native communities to move from their ancestral lands in the Southeast to territory west of the Mississippi River
d. the significance of the Trail of Tears (1838) for the Cherokee and other native communities in the Southeast