Virginia Standards of Learning
VA.SS.VS. Virginia Studies
Colonization and Conflict: 1607 through the American Revolution
VS.3. The student will demonstrate an understanding of the first permanent English settlement in America by:
VS.3.g. Describing the interactions between the English settlers and the native peoples, including the role of the Powhatan in the survival of the settlers.
VA.SS.USI. United States History to 1865
Exploration to Revolution: Pre-Columbian Times to the 1770s
USI.4. The student will apply social science skills to understand European exploration in North America and West Africa by:
USI.4.b. Describing cultural and economic interactions between Europeans and American Indians that led to cooperation and conflict, with emphasis on the American Indian and European concept of land.
Expansion and Reform: 1801 to 1861
USI.8. The student will apply social science skills to understand westward expansion and reform in America from 1801 to 1861 by:
USI.8.a. Describing territorial expansion and how it affected the political map of the United States, with emphasis on the Louisiana Purchase, the Lewis and Clark expedition, and the acquisitions of Florida, Texas, Oregon, and California.
USI.8.c. Explaining the impact of westward expansion on American Indians.
VA.SS.USII. United States History: 1865 to the Present
Reshaping the Nation and the Emergence of Modern America: 1877 to the Early 1900s
USII.4. The student will apply social science skills to understand how life changed after the Civil War by:
USII.4.a. Examining the reasons for westward expansion, including its impact on American Indians.
VA.SS.WHII. World History and Geography: 1500 A.D. (C.E.) to the Present
Age of Revolutions and Imperialism
WHII.9. The student will apply social science skills to understand global interactions between 1800 to about 1900 by:
WHII.9.a. Locating the United States of America, describing its expansion between 1776 and 1900, and assessing its changing role in the world.
VA.SS.VUS. Virginia and United States History
VUS.1. The student will demonstrate skills for historical thinking, geographical analysis, economic decision making, and responsible citizenship by:
VUS.1.a. Synthesizing evidence from artifacts and primary and secondary sources to obtain information about events in Virginia and United States history.
VUS.1.d. Constructing arguments, using evidence from multiple sources.
VUS.1.e. Comparing and contrasting historical, cultural, economic, and political perspectives in Virginia and United States history.
VUS.1.f. Explaining how indirect cause-and-effect relationships impact people, places, and events in Virginia and United States history.
VUS.1.g. Analyzing multiple connections across time and place.
VUS.1.h. Using a decision-making model to analyze and explain the incentives for and consequences of a specific choice made.
VUS.1.j. Investigating and researching to develop products orally and in writing.
VUS.6. The student will apply social science skills to understand major events in Virginia and United States history during the first half of the nineteenth century by:
VUS.6.a. Explaining territorial expansion and its impact on the American Indians.
VUS.6.b. Describing the political results of territorial expansion.
VUS.6.d. Analyzing the social and cultural changes during the period, with emphasis on “the age of the common man” (Jacksonian Era).
VUS.8. The student will apply social science skills to understand how the nation grew and changed from the end of Reconstruction through the early twentieth century by:
VUS.8.a. Explaining the westward movement of the population in the United States, with emphasis on the role of the railroads, communication systems, admission of new states to the Union, and the impact on American Indians.