U.S. National Standards
N.NCSS. National Curriculum Standards for Social Studies (NCSS)
NCSS.2. TIME, CONTINUITY, AND CHANGE
SOCIAL STUDIES PROGRAMS SHOULD INCLUDE EXPERIENCES THAT PROVIDE FOR THE STUDY OF THE PAST AND ITS LEGACY.
2.1. KNOWLEDGE - Learners will understand:
2.1.1. The study of the past provides a representation of the history of communities, nations, and the world.
2.1.3. That learning about the past requires the interpretation of sources, and that using varied sources provides the potential for a more balanced interpretive record of the past.
2.1.4. That historical interpretations of the same event may differ on the basis of such factors as conflicting evidence from varied sources, national or cultural perspectives, and the point of view of the researcher.
2.1.5. Key historical periods and patterns of change within and across cultures (e.g., the rise and fall of ancient civilizations, the development of technology, the rise of modern nation-states, and the establishment and breakdown of colonial systems).
2.1.7. The contributions of key persons, groups, and events from the past and their influence on the present.
2.1.9. The influences of social, geographic, economic, and cultural factors an the history of local areas, states, nations, and the world.
N.NCHS. National Center for History in Schools (NCHS)
NCHS.HT. Historical Thinking Standards
HT.1. Chronological Thinking
HT.1.B. Identify the temporal structure of a historical narrative or story.
HT.1.F. Reconstruct patterns of historical succession and duration; explain historical continuity and change.
HT.2. Historical Comprehension
HT.2.C. Identify the central question(s) the historical narrative addresses.
HT.3. Historical Analysis and Interpretation
HT.3.D. Draw comparisons across eras and regions in order to define enduring issues.
HT.3.G. Challenge arguments of historical inevitability.
HT.3.H. Hold interpretations of history as tentative.
HT.4. Historical Research Capabilities
HT.4.A. Formulate historical questions.
HT.5. Historical Issues-Analysis and Decision-Making
HT.5.A. Identify issues and problems in the past.
HT.5.C. Identify relevant historical antecedents.
NCHS.USH. United States History Content Standards
USH.1. Era 1: Three Worlds Meet (Beginnings to 1620)
USH.1.1. Comparative characteristics of societies in the Americas, Western Europe, and Western Africa that increasingly interacted after 1450.
USH.1.1B. The student understands changes in Western European societies in the age of exploration.
USH.1.1D. The student understands the differences and similarities among Africans, Europeans, and Native Americans who converged in the western hemisphere after 1492.
USH.1.2. How early European exploration and colonization resulted in cultural and ecological interactions among previously unconnected peoples.
USH.1.2A. The student understands the stages of European oceanic and overland exploration, amid international rivalries, from the 9th to 17th centuries.
USH.1.2B. The student understands the Spanish and Portuguese conquest of the Americas.
NCHS.WH. World History Content Standards
WH.4. Era 4: Expanding Zones of Exchange and Encounter, 300-1000 CE
WH.4.4. The search for political, social, and cultural redefinition in Europe, 500-1000 CE.
WH.4.4B. The student understands the coalescence of political and social order in Europe.
WH.4.6. The rise of centers of civilization in Mesoamerica and Andean South America in the first millennium CE.
WH.4.6A. The student understands the origins, expansion, and achievements of Maya civilization.
WH.4.7. Major global trends from 300-1000 CE.
WH.4.7A. The student understands major global trends from 300 to 1000 CE.
WH.5. Era 5: Intensified Hemispheric Interactions 1000-1500 CE
WH.5.6. The expansion of states and civilizations in the Americas, 1000-1500.
WH.5.6A. The student understands the development of complex societies and states in North America and Mesoamerica.
WH.5.6B. The student understands the development of the Inca empire in Andean South America.
WH.6. Era 6: The Emergence of the First Global Age, 1450-1770
WH.6.1. How the transoceanic interlinking of all major regions of the world from 1450-1600 led to global transformations.
WH.6.1A. The student understands the origins and consequences of European overseas expansion in the 15th and 16th centuries.
WH.6.1B. The student understands the encounters between Europeans and peoples of Sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, and the Americas in the late 15th and early 16th centuries.
WH.6.4. Economic, political, and cultural interrelations among peoples of Africa, Europe, and the Americas, 1500-1750.
WH.6.4A. The student understands how states and peoples of European descent became dominant in the Americas between the 16th and 18th centuries.
WH.6.6. Major global trends from 1450-1770.
WH.6.6A. The student understands major global trends from 1450 to 1770.