Indiana Academic Standards
IN.5. The United States—The Founding of the Republic
5.1. History: Students describe the historical movements that influenced the development of the United States from pre-Columbian times up to 1800, with an emphasis on the American Revolution and the founding of the United States.
Historical Knowledge - The American Revolution: 1763 to 1783
5.1.14. Explain consequences of the American Revolution including the strengths and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation, changes in trade relationships and the achievement of independence by the United States.
Historical Knowledge - Making the United States Constitution and Establishing the Federal Republic: 1783 to 1800
5.1.15. Explain why the United States Constitution was created in 1787 and how it established a stronger union among the original 13 states by making it the supreme law of the land. Identify people who were involved in its development.
5.1.16. Describe the origins and drafting of the Bill of Rights, ratified in 1791.
Chronological Thinking, Historical Comprehension, Analysis and Interpretation, Research
5.1.18. Create and interpret timelines showing major people, events and developments in the early history of the United States from 1776-1801.
5.1.19. Read fiction and nonfiction stories about conflicts among and between groups of people at different stages in the formation of the United States; give examples of how these conflicts were resolved and analyze the accuracy of the stories’ historical details and sequence of events.
5.1.20. Using primary and secondary sources to examine an historical account about an issue of the time, reconstruct the literal meaning of the passages by identifying who was involved, what happened, where it happened, what events led to these developments and what consequences or outcomes followed.
5.1.21. Read and interpret primary and secondary source accounts that pertain to a problem confronting people during the Founding Era of the United States.
5.2. Civics and Government: Students identify main components and characteristics of the United States government. Students identify and explain key ideas in government from the colonial and founding periods that continue to shape civic and political life.
Foundations of Government
5.2.1. Summarize the principles and purposes of government as stated in the Preamble to the United States Constitution.
5.2.2. Identify and explain ideas about limited government, the rule of law and individual rights in key colonial era documents.
5.2.4. Identify and explain key ideas about government as noted in the Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation, Northwest Ordinance, United States Constitution and the Bill of Rights.
5.2.5. Describe and give examples of individual rights guaranteed by the Bill of Rights.
Functions of Government
5.2.7. Identify the three branches of the United States government and explain the functions of each.