OH.5. Government: Students use knowledge of the purposes, structures and processes of political systems at the local, state, national and international levels to understand that people create systems of government as structures of power and authority to provide order, maintain stability and promote the general welfare.
5.1. Grade Level Indicator: Role of Government: Explain major responsibilities of each of the three branches of the U.S. government: The legislative branch, headed by Congress, passes laws; The executive branch, headed by the president, carries out and enforces the laws made by Congress; The judicial branch, headed by the Supreme Court, interprets and applies the law.
5.2. Grade Level Indicator: Role of Government: Explain the essential characteristics of American democracy including: The people are the source of the government's authority; All citizens have the right and responsibility to vote and influence the decisions of the government; The government is run directly by the people or through elected representatives; The powers of government are limited by law; Basic rights of individuals are guaranteed by the Constitution.
5.A. Identify the responsibilities of the branches of the U.S. government and explain why they are necessary.
5.B. Give examples of documents that specify the structure of state and national governments in the United States and explain how these documents foster self-government in a democracy.