Oklahoma Academic Standards
Social Studies Practices PK-12
1 Engage in Democratic Processes – Students will understand the principles of government, the benefits of democratic systems, and their responsibilities as citizens.
1.B. Students will demonstrate an understanding of the important institutions of their society and the principles that these institutions are intended to reflect.
4 Read Critically and Interpret Informational Sources – Students will engage in critical, active reading of grade-level appropriate primary and secondary sources related to key social studies concepts, including frequent analysis and interpretation of informational sources.
4.A. Students will comprehend, evaluate, and synthesize textual sources to acquire and refine knowledge in the social studies.
4.B. Students will apply critical reading and thinking skills to interpret, evaluate, and respond to a variety of complex texts from historical, ethnic, and global perspectives.
5th Grade Content Standards
5.3. The student will examine the foundations of the American nation established during the Revolutionary Era.
5.3.3. Explain the importance of the Articles of Confederation as the first American national system of government under which the colonies waged a war in order to gain independence.
5.3.8. Identify the contributions of key individuals involved in the American Revolution including Patrick Henry, Samuel Adams, John Adams, Abigail Adams, Paul Revere, Nathan Hale, John Paul Jones, Thayendanegea (Joseph Brant), Nancy Ward the Beloved Woman of the Cherokee, Marquis de Lafayette, Benjamin Franklin, Mercy Otis Warren, and Phillis Wheatley.
5.4. The student will examine the formation of the American system of government following the American Revolution.
5.4.1. Evaluate issues and events that led to the Constitutional Convention, including a weak national government and Shays’ Rebellion.
5.4.2. Identify key leaders and explain the debates and compromises of the Constitutional Convention, including:
5.4.2.A. Virginia and New Jersey Plans
5.4.2.B. Great Compromise
5.4.2.D. Father of the Constitution, James Madison
5.4.3. Examine the purposes and basic responsibilities of government as described in the Preamble of the Constitution of the United States, which established the supreme law of the land.
5.4.6. Explain how the Constitution of the United States was amended to include the Bill of Rights and summarize the liberties protected in each of the ten amendments.
5.5. The student will describe the structure and responsibilities of the American system of government and the role of the individual citizen.
5.5.1. Examine the key principles of government established in the Constitution of the United States including:
5.5.1.A. separation of powers among three branches of government
5.5.1.B. the system of checks and balances
5.5.2. Describe the roles of Congress, the President, and the Supreme Court in the legislative process.