Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS)
TX.113.16. Social Studies, Grade 5
5.2. History. The student understands how conflict between the American colonies and Great Britain led to American independence. The student is expected to:
5.2.B. Identify the Founding Fathers and Patriot heroes, including John Adams, Samuel Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Nathan Hale, Thomas Jefferson, the Sons of Liberty, and George Washington, and their motivations and contributions during the revolutionary period.
5.3. History. The student understands the events that led from the Articles of Confederation to the creation of the U.S. Constitution and the government it established. The student is expected to:
5.3.A. Identify the issues that led to the creation of the U.S. Constitution, including the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.
5.3.B. Identify the contributions of individuals, including James Madison, and others such as George Mason, Charles Pinckney, and Roger Sherman who helped create the U.S. Constitution.
5.4. History. The student understands political, economic, and social changes that occurred in the United States during the 19th century. The student is expected to:
5.4.E. Identify the causes of the Civil War, including sectionalism, states' rights, and slavery, and the effects of the Civil War, including Reconstruction and the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
5.15. Government. The student understands important ideas in the Declaration of Independence, the U.S. Constitution, and the Bill of Rights. The student is expected to:
5.15.B. Explain the purposes of the U.S. Constitution as identified in the Preamble.
5.15.C. Explain the reasons for the creation of the Bill of Rights and its importance.
5.16. Government. The student understands the framework of government created by the U.S. Constitution of 1787. The student is expected to:
5.16.A. Identify and explain the basic functions of the three branches of government.
5.16.B. Identify the reasons for and describe the system of checks and balances outlined in the U.S. Constitution.
5.19. Citizenship. The student understands the importance of effective leadership in a constitutional republic. The student is expected to:
5.19.A. Explain the contributions of the Founding Fathers to the development of the national government.
5.20. Citizenship. The student understands the fundamental rights of American citizens guaranteed in the Bill of Rights and other amendments to the U.S. Constitution. The student is expected to:
5.20.A. Describe the fundamental rights guaranteed by each amendment in the Bill of Rights, including freedom of religion, speech, and press; the right to assemble and petition the government; the right to keep and bear arms; the right to trial by jury; and the right to an attorney.
5.20.B. Describe various amendments to the U.S. Constitution such as those that extended voting rights of U.S. citizens.
5.24. Social studies skills. The student applies critical-thinking skills to organize and use information acquired from a variety of valid sources, including electronic technology. The student is expected to:
5.24.A. Differentiate between, locate, and use valid primary and secondary sources such as computer software; interviews; biographies; oral, print, and visual material; documents; and artifacts to acquire information about the United States.
5.25. Social studies skills. The student communicates in written, oral, and visual forms. The student is expected to:
5.25.A. Use social studies terminology correctly.