Virginia Standards of Learning
VA.SS.VS. Virginia Studies
Civil War and Postwar Eras
VS.7. The student will demonstrate an understanding of the issues that divided our nation and led to the Civil War by:
VS.7.a. Explaining the major events and the differences between northern and southern states that divided Virginians and led to secession, war, and the creation of West Virginia.
VA.SS.USI. United States History to 1865
Revolution and the New Nation: 1770s to the Early 1800s
USI.7. The student will apply social science skills to understand the challenges faced by the new nation by:
USI.7.c. Describing the major accomplishments of the first five presidents of the United States.
Expansion and Reform: 1801 to 1861
USI.8. The student will apply social science skills to understand westward expansion and reform in America from 1801 to 1861 by:
USI.8.e. Explaining the main ideas of the abolitionist and women’s suffrage movements.
Civil War: 1861 to 1865
USI.9. The student will apply social science skills to understand the causes, major events, and effects of the Civil War by:
USI.9.a. Describing the cultural, economic, and constitutional issues that divided the nation.
USI.9.b. Explaining how the issues of states’ rights and slavery increased sectional tensions.
USI.9.d. Describing the roles of Abraham Lincoln, Jefferson Davis, Ulysses S. Grant, Robert E. Lee, Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson, and Frederick Douglass in events leading to and during the war.
VA.SS.USII. United States History: 1865 to the Present
Reconstruction: 1865 to 1877
USII.3. The student will apply social science skills to understand the effects of Reconstruction on American life by:
USII.3.c. Describing the legacies of Abraham Lincoln, Robert E. Lee, and Frederick Douglass.
VA.SS.WHII. World History and Geography: 1500 A.D. (C.E.) to the Present
Age of Revolutions and Imperialism
WHII.9. The student will apply social science skills to understand global interactions between 1800 to about 1900 by:
WHII.9.a. Locating the United States of America, describing its expansion between 1776 and 1900, and assessing its changing role in the world.
WHII.9.c. Describing the political and social challenges faced by Latin American nations, with emphasis on the Monroe Doctrine.
VA.SS.VUS. Virginia and United States History
VUS.1. The student will demonstrate skills for historical thinking, geographical analysis, economic decision making, and responsible citizenship by:
VUS.1.a. Synthesizing evidence from artifacts and primary and secondary sources to obtain information about events in Virginia and United States history.
VUS.1.d. Constructing arguments, using evidence from multiple sources.
VUS.1.j. Investigating and researching to develop products orally and in writing.
VUS.6. The student will apply social science skills to understand major events in Virginia and United States history during the first half of the nineteenth century by:
VUS.6.c. Assessing the political and economic changes that occurred during this period, with emphasis on James Madison and the War of 1812.
VUS.6.e. Evaluating the cultural, economic, and political issues that divided the nation, including tariffs, slavery, the abolitionist and women’s suffrage movements, and the role of the states in the Union.
VUS.6.g. Evaluating and explaining the multiple causes and compromises leading to the Civil War, including the role of the institution of slavery.