Arkansas Curriculum Frameworks
AR.SS.C. Civics/Government: Era 1-Beginnings to Era 3-1820s
C.1.5. Civic and Political Institutions - Students will analyze the impact of origins, structures, and functions of institutions on society and citizens.
Structure and Function
C.1.5.4. Examine how social organizations and institutions make rules and create responsibilities (e.g., workplace, families) (D2.Civ.4, 11.3-5).
C.2.5. Participation and Deliberation - Students will analyze civic rights, roles, and responsibilities.
C.2.5.1. Evaluate various ways of fostering citizenship and civic virtues (D2.Civ.7, 8, 9, 10.3-5).
C.2.5.3. Analyze rights, responsibilities, and privileges of citizens and non-citizens in the United States (D2.Civ.8.3-5).
C.3.5. Processes, Rules, and Laws - Students will analyze the sources and functions of laws as well as the process of making and amending laws.
Processes, Rules, and Laws
C.3.5.2. Evaluate ways rules and laws change society and reasons why people change rules and laws at the local, state, and federal levels (D2.Civ.12.3-5).
C.3.5.3. Explain the development of policies to address public problems at the local, state, and federal level (D.2.Civ.6, 13.3-5).
AR.SS.E. Economics: Era 1-Beginnings to Era 3-1820s
E.4.5. Economic Decision Making - Students will analyze economic decision making.
E.4.5.1. Explain ways trade-offs have allowed societies to get the most out of scarce resources (D2.Eco.1.3-5).
Costs and Benefits
E.4.5.2. Analyze historical developments in pre-colonial America through the Revolutionary period using models of economic decision making (e.g., exploration, colonization, taxation, the American Revolution, the new nation) (D2.Eco.1.3-5).
E.5.5. Exchange and Markets - Students will analyze the exchange of goods and services and the role of producers, consumers, and government in the market place.
E.5.5.1. Examine ways a diverse labor force affected economies in early America (D2.Eco.6.3-5).
Production and Consumption
E.5.5.2. Examine ways human, natural, and capital resources were organized to produce and deliver goods and services in pre-colonial America through the Revolutionary period (e.g., trade companies, joint stock companies, entrepreneurs, merchants) (D2.Eco.3.3-5).
E.6.5. Growth and Stability - Students will evaluate economic growth and stability.
E.6.5.1. Analyze the forms and purposes of currency in early America through the Revolutionary period (D2.Eco.5.3-5).
E.6.5.4. Discuss effects of unemployment, inflation, and price stability on the economy of the United States through the Revolutionary period (D2.Eco.11.3-5).
E.7.5. Global Economy - Students will analyze economic interdependence within a global economy.
E.7.5.1. Explain ways trade leads to increasing economic interdependence among countries (e.g., slave trade, triangular trade, manufactured goods, agriculture) (D2.Eco.14.3-5).
E.7.5.2. Explain effects of increasing economic interdependence on different groups within participating nations (e.g., conflict, competition, cooperation, increased wealth, quality of life) (D2.Eco.15.3-5).
AR.SS.G. Geography: Era 1-Beginnings to Era 3-1820s
G.8.5. Geographic Representations - Students will use geographic representations and skills to become geographically-informed citizens.
Spatial Views of the World
G.8.5.1. Describe locations of societies and their cultural and environmental characteristics within the early Americas through the 1820s using geographic representations of different scales (D2 Geo1, 2.3-5).
G.9.5. Human-Environment Interaction - Students will analyze the interaction between humans and the environment.
Place, Region, and Culture
G.9.5.2. Analyze ways cultural characteristics influenced population distribution in the early Americas through the post-Revolutionary period (D2.Geo.6.3-5).
G.10.5. Spatial Patterns and Movement - Students will interpret the spatial characteristics and patterns of human settlement.
Resources and Movement
G. 10.5.3. Examine reasons for population shifts in early America and the effects on various regions (D2.Geo.7.3-5).
G.11.5. Global Interconnections - Students will compare global places and regions and the connections between them.
Changing Spatial Patterns
G.11.5.1. Explain how interactions with nearby and distant places have changed the spatial patterns of economic activities over time (e.g., explorers, trade routes, triangular trade) (D2.Geo.11.3-5).
AR.SS.H. History: Era 1-Beginnings to Era 3-1820s
H.12.5. United States Beginnings Through 1820s - Students will analyze key historical periods; patterns of change over time; and ways people view, construct, and interpret the history of the United States.
Era 1: Beginnings to 1620
H.12.5.4. Evaluate short- and long-term effects of European exploration and settlement in the Americas and Arkansas from multiple perspectives (e.g., Roanoke, Jamestown, disease, conflict) (D2.His.5, 14.3-5).
Era 2: Colonization and Settlement 1585-1763
H.12.5.5. Compare the social, economic, political, and geographic development of the New England, middle, and southern colonies from multiple perspectives using a variety of sources (e.g., Native Americans, Africans, colonists, indentured servants, colonial leaders, Europeans, farmers, merchants) (D2.Civ.2, 4, 8, 12.3-5; D2.Eco.1, 2, 3, 5.3-5; D2.Geo.1, 4, 6, 7, 8.3-5; D2.His.1, 4, 5, 10, 14.3-5).
H.12.5.6. Evaluate the economic and cultural effects of indentured servitude and slavery in the New England, middle, and southern colonies from multiple perspectives (D2.Eco.1, 2, 3.3-5; D2.His.4.3-5).
H.12.5.7. Research the development of the colonies by generating compelling and supporting questions to guide inquiry (e.g., Why did people settle where they did? How did they solve problems? Was life better in the colonies than in England? Was life better in some colonies than others? How were patterns of settlement influenced by beliefs, economics, and geography?) (D2.His.3. 3-5; D1.2.3-5).