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Oregon Standards for Fifth Grade Social Studies

OR.SS.5. Social Sciences - Grade 5: U.S. History 1492-1786

Civics and Government

5.12. Analyze how cooperation and conflict among people contribute to political, economic and social events and situations in the United States.
5.13. Describe and summarize how colonial and new states' governments affected groups within their population (e.g., citizens, slaves, foreigners, nobles, women, class systems, tribes).
5.14. Compare and contrast tribal forms of government, British monarchy, and early American colonial governments.
5.15. Identify principles of U.S. democracy found in the U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights.
5.16. Describe how national government affects local and state government.

Economics/Financial Literacy

5.17. Explain ways trade can be restricted or encouraged (e.g., boycott) and how these affect producers and consumers.
5.18. Explain the purpose of taxes and give examples from U.S. history of their use.


5.7. Identify, locate, and describe places and regions in the United States.
5.8. Use various types of maps to describe and explain the United States.
5.9. Explain migration, trade, and cultural patterns in the United States.

Historical Knowledge

5.1. Identify and compare historical Native American groups and settlements that existed in North America prior to contact with European exploration in the late fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.
5.2. Locate and examine accounts of early Spanish, French and British explorations of North America noting major land and water routes, reasons for exploration and the location and impact of exploration and settlement.
5.3. Explain the religious, political, and economic reasons for movement of people from Europe to the Americas and describe instances of both cooperation and conflict between Native American Indians and European settlers.
5.4. Identify and locate the 13 British colonies that became the United States and identify the early founders, describe daily life (political, social, and economic organization and structure), and describe early colonial resistance to British rule.

Historical Thinking

5.5. Create and interpret timelines showing major people, events and developments in the early history of the United States.
5.6. Use primary and secondary sources to formulate historical questions, to examine an historical account about an issue of the time, and to reconstruct the literal meaning of the passages by identifying who was involved, what happened, where it happened, and what events led to these developments and what consequences or outcomes followed.

Social Science Analysis

5.19. Analyze two accounts of the same event or topic and describe important similarities and differences.
5.20. Gather, use and document information from multiple sources (e.g., print, electronic, human, primary, secondary) to examine an event, issue, or problem through inquiry and research.
5.21. Identify and study two or more points of view of an event, issue or problem.
5.22. Identify characteristics of an event, issue, or problem, suggesting possible causes and results.
5.23. Propose a response or solution to an issue or problem and support why it makes sense, using support from research.

OR.SS.CS. Social Sciences - CORE STANDARDS

Civics and Government

CS.10. Examine the relationship between government and citizens to distinguish and evaluate the ways that civic participation occurs in local, state, tribal, national, and global communities.
CS.12. Analyze the structure and functions of political parties, interest groups, and the mass media and their affect on the political beliefs and behaviors of citizens.
CS.14. Evaluate the various functions and processes of governments and their impact on societies and citizens, comparing and contrasting various government designs to evaluate how they serve their citizens.
CS.15. Identify defining documents and speeches of United States government and the specific purpose and significance of each.
CS.16. Examine the pluralistic realities of society (e.g., race, poverty, gender, and age), recognizing issues of equity, and evaluating need for change.


CS.17. Examine the structure and functions of the US economy to analyze the impact of systemic decisions on personal, local, regional, national and global economies.
CS.18. Examine the interdependence of economic systems and institutions and its effects upon individual, local, regional, national, and global decision-making.
CS.20. Explain how changes in economic markets are related to availability of resources, production, distribution, and technological developments.
CS.21. Analyze the allocation of scarce resources through individual choice, market interaction, and public policy.


CS.5. Apply geographic skills, concepts, and technologies (e.g., maps, GIS, Google Earth) to gather, display, and analyze spatial information.
CS.6. Analyze economic, social, human migration, settlement, and distribution patterns.
CS.7. Locate and examine physical and human characteristics of places and regions, their impact on developing societies, and their connections and interdependence.
CS.8. Evaluate how human cooperation and competition for resources shape the earth's political, economic, physical, and social environments.


CS.1. Analyze and apply cause and effect relationships to a variety of historical issues, events and problems.
CS.2. Analyze and apply change and continuity relationships to a variety of historical issues, events, and problems.
CS.3. Construct, support, and refute interpretations of history using political, social, economic, and cultural perspectives by drawing from a variety of primary and secondary sources.

Social Science Analysis

CS.26. Acquire, organize, analyze and evaluate information from primary and secondary sources.
CS.28. Analyze characteristics, causes, and consequences of an event, issue, problem or phenomenon.