New York State Learning Standards and Core Curriculum
NY.RH.5-8. Reading Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies
Craft and Structure
RH.5-8.4. Determine the meanings of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies.
RH.5-8.5. Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally).
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
RH.5-8.10. By the end of grade 8, read and comprehend history/social studies texts in the grades 5-8 text complexity band independently and proficiently.
NY.5P. Grade 5: Social Studies Practices
5P.A. Gathering, Interpreting, and Using Evidence
5P.A.5. Identify implicit ideas to draw inference, with support.
5P.B. Chronological Reasoning
5P.B.3. Identify causes and effects using examples from current events or grade-level content and historical events.
5P.C. Comparison and Contextualization
5P.C.3. Describe and compare events in the history of the Western Hemisphere in societies in similar chronological contexts and in various geographical contexts.
5P.C.4. Identify how the relationship between geography, economics, and history helps to define a context for events in the study of the Western Hemisphere.
5P.C.5. Describe historical developments in the history of the Western Hemisphere with specific references to circumstances of time and place and to connections to broader regional or global processes, with teacher support.
5P.D. Geographic Reasoning
5P.D.2. Distinguish human activities and human-made features from “environments” (natural events or physical features—land, air, and water—that are not directly made by humans) in the Western Hemisphere.
NY.5. The Western Hemisphere
5.3. EUROPEAN EXPLORATION AND ITS EFFECTS: Various European powers explored and eventually colonized the Western Hemisphere. This had a profound effect on Native Americans and led to the transatlantic slave trade. (Standards: 1, 2, 3, 4; Themes: MOV, TCC, GEO, ECO, EXCH)
5.3b. Europeans encountered and interacted with Native Americans in a variety of ways.
5.3b.2. Students will examine European interactions with Native Americans, using these examples:
5.3b.2.a. Conquests by Cortez and Pizarro and the resulting demographic change
5.4. GEOGRAPHY IN THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE: The diverse geography of the Western Hemisphere has influenced human culture and settlement in distinct ways. Human communities in the Western Hemisphere have modified the physical environment. (Standard: 3, Theme: GEO)
5.4b. The Western Hemisphere can be divided into regions. Regions are areas that share common, identifiable characteristics such as physical, political, economic, or cultural features. Regions within the Western Hemisphere include:
5.4b.a. North America (Canada and the United States)
5.4c. The physical environment influences human population distribution, land use, and other forms of economic activity.
5.4c.1. Students will map the regions within the Western Hemisphere and locate major physical features within each region.