Washington State K–12 Learning Standards and Guidelines
WA.6.1. CIVICS - The student understands and applies knowledge of government, law, politics, and the nation’s fundamental documents to make decisions about local, national, and international issues and to demonstrate thoughtful, participatory citizenship.
6.1.2. Understands the purposes, organization, and function of governments, laws, and political systems.
18.104.22.168. Understands a variety of forms of government from the past or present.
6.1.4. Understands civic involvement.
22.214.171.124. Understands the historical origins of civic involvement.
WA.6.2. ECONOMICS - The student applies understanding of economic concepts and systems to analyze decision-making and the interactions between individuals, households, businesses, governments, and societies.
6.2.1. Understands that people have to make choices between wants and needs and evaluate the outcomes of those choices.
126.96.36.199. Analyzes the costs and benefits of economic choices made by groups and individuals in the past or present.
6.2.2. Understands how economic systems function.
188.8.131.52. Understands the production, distribution, and consumption of goods, services, and resources in societies from the past or in the present.
WA.6.3. GEOGRAPHY - The student uses a spatial perspective to make reasoned decisions by applying the concepts of location, region, and movement and demonstrating knowledge of how geographic features and human cultures impact environments.
6.3.2. Understands human interaction with the environment.
184.108.40.206. Understands the characteristics of cultures in the world from the past or in the present.
WA.6.4. HISTORY - The student understands and applies knowledge of historical thinking, chronology, eras, turning points, major ideas, individuals, and themes of local, Washington State, tribal, United States, and world history in order to evaluate how history shapes the present and future.
6.4.1. Understands historical chronology.
220.127.116.11. Understands how the rise of civilizations defines eras in ancient history by:
18.104.22.168.a. Explaining and comparing the rise of civilizations from 8000 BCE to 200 CE on two or more continents.
6.4.2. Understands and analyzes causal factors that have shaped major events in history.
22.214.171.124. Understands and analyzes how individuals and movements from ancient civilizations have shaped world history.
126.96.36.199. Understands and analyzes how cultures and cultural groups in ancient civilizations contributed to world history.
6.4.3. Understands that there are multiple perspectives and interpretations of historical events.
188.8.131.52. Analyzes and interprets historical materials from a variety of perspectives in ancient history.
184.108.40.206. Analyzes multiple causal factors that shape major events in ancient history.
6.4.4. Uses history to understand the present and plan for the future
220.127.116.11. Analyzes how an event in ancient history helps us to understand a current issue.
WA.6.5. SOCIAL STUDIES SKILLS - The student understands and applies reasoning skills to conduct research, deliberate, and form and evaluate positions through the processes of reading, writing, and communicating.
6.5.1. Uses critical reasoning skills to analyze and evaluate positions.
18.104.22.168. Understands positions on an issue or event.
WA.RH.6-8. Reading Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies
Craft and Structure
RH.6-8.4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies.
RH.6-8.5. Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally).
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
RH.6-8.10. By the end of grade 8, read and comprehend history/social studies texts in the grades 6-8 text complexity band independently and proficiently.