Arkansas Curriculum Frameworks
AR.SS.E. Economics: Era 1-Beginnings to Era 5-1500 C.E.
E.5.6. Exchange and Markets - Students will analyze the exchange of goods and services and the role of producers, consumers, and government in the market place.
Production and Consumption
E.5.6.2. Analyze ways human, natural, and capital resources were organized to produce and deliver goods and services in early civilizations to 1500 C.E. (e.g., caravans, public works projects, Silk Road, trade routes) (D2.Eco.3.6-8).
E.5.6.3. Compare effects of supply and demand on early markets (D2.Eco.4.6-8).
E.6.6. Growth and Stability - Students will evaluate economic growth and stability.
E.6.6.1. Analyze the development of currency as a medium of exchange (D2.Eco.5.6-8).
E.7.6. Global Economy - Students will analyze economic interdependence within a global economy.
E.7.6.1. Identify barriers to trade and ways those barriers influence trade among civilizations (D2.Eco.14.6-8).
E.7.6.2. Identify benefits and costs of trade policies/guidelines/strategies to various individuals, businesses, and societies (e.g., prestige, wealth, conflict, competition, alliances) (D2.Eco.15.6-8).
AR.SS.H. History: Era 1-Beginnings to Era 5-1500 C.E.
H.13.6. World History Beginnings of Civilization Through 1500 C.E. - Students will analyze key historical periods; patterns of change over time; and ways people view, construct, and interpret the history of nations and cultures of the world.
Era 2: Early Civilizations 4000-1000 B.C.E.
H.13.6.3. Analyze early river valley civilizations to determine similarities and differences, using a variety of sources (e.g., artifacts, Epic of Gilgamesh, hieroglyphics, oracle bones) (D2.His.1, 2, 3, 13.6-8; D3.1.6-8).
H.13.6.4. Construct arguments about characteristics necessary for a civilization using multiple sources (e.g., writing systems, government, religion, specialization of labor, technology, economic systems, education) (D2.His.2, 3, 16.6-8).
H.13.6.5. Compare characteristics, contributions, and achievements of early river valley civilizations (D2.His.1, 2, 3.6-8):
H.13.6.6. Identify social and cultural effects of militarization and the emergence of new kingdoms on early civilizations (e.g., chariot transport, warfare, invaders) (D2.His.1, 2, 3, 14, 15.6-8).
AR.RH.6-8. Reading Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies
Craft and Structure
RH.6-8.4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies.
RH.6-8.5. Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally).
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
RH.6-8.10. By the end of grade 8, read and comprehend history/social studies texts in the grades 6-8 text complexity band independently and proficiently.