California Content Standards
CA.6. World History and Geography: Ancient Civilizations
6.2. Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structures of the early civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Kush.
6.2.1. Locate and describe the major river systems and discuss the physical settings that supported permanent settlement and early civilizations.
6.2.2. Trace the development of agricultural techniques that permitted the production of economic surplus and the emergence of cities as centers of culture and power.
6.2.3. Understand the relationship between religion and the social and political order in Mesopotamia and Egypt.
6.2.6. Describe the role of Egyptian trade in the eastern Mediterranean and Nile valley.
6.4. Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structures of the early civilizations of Ancient Greece.
6.4.1. Discuss the connections between geography and the development of city-states in the region of the Aegean Sea, including patterns of trade and commerce among Greek city-states and within the wider Mediterranean region.
6.5. Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structures of the early civilizations of India.
6.5.1. Locate and describe the major river system and discuss the physical setting that supported the rise of this civilization.
CA.6-8.HSSA. Historical and Social Sciences Analysis Skills: The intellectual skills noted below are to be learned through, and applied to, the content standards for grades six through eight. They are to be assessed only in conjunction with the content standards in grades six through eight. In addition to the standards for grades six through eight, students demonstrate the following intellectual reasoning, reflection, and research skills.
6-8.CST. Chronological and Spatial Thinking
6-8.CST.1. Students explain how major events are related to one another in time.
6-8.REP. Research, Evidence, and Point
6-8.REP.1. Students frame questions that can be answered by historical study and research.
6-8.HI. Historical Interpretation
6-8.HI.1. Students explain the central issues and problems from the past, placing people and events in a matrix of time and place.
6-8.HI.2. Students understand and distinguish cause, effect, sequence, and correlation in historical events, including the long-and short-term causal relations.
6-8.HI.3. Students explain the sources of historical continuity and how the combination of ideas and events explains the emergence of new patterns.
6-8.HI.4. Students recognize the role of chance, oversight, and error in history.
6-8.HI.5. Students recognize that interpretations of history are subject to change as new information is uncovered.
CA.CC.RH.6-8. Reading Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies
Craft and Structure
RH.6-8.4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies.
RH.6-8.5. Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally).
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
RH.6-8.10. By the end of grade 8, read and comprehend history/social studies texts in the grades 6–8 text complexity band independently and proficiently.