Virginia Standards of Learning
VA.SS.USI. United States History to 1865
Revolution and the New Nation: 1770s to the Early 1800s
USI.7. The student will apply social science skills to understand the challenges faced by the new nation by:
USI.7.c. Describing the major accomplishments of the first five presidents of the United States.
VA.SS.USII. United States History: 1865 to the Present
Reshaping the Nation and the Emergence of Modern America: 1877 to the Early 1900s
USII.4. The student will apply social science skills to understand how life changed after the Civil War by:
USII.4.b. Explaining the reasons for the increase in immigration, growth of cities, and challenges arising from this expansion.
USII.4.d. Explaining the impact of new inventions, the rise of big business, the growth of industry, and the changes to life on American farms in response to industrialization.
VA.SS.VUS. Virginia and United States History
VUS.1. The student will demonstrate skills for historical thinking, geographical analysis, economic decision making, and responsible citizenship by:
VUS.1.e. Comparing and contrasting historical, cultural, economic, and political perspectives in Virginia and United States history.
VUS.1.f. Explaining how indirect cause-and-effect relationships impact people, places, and events in Virginia and United States history.
VUS.1.g. Analyzing multiple connections across time and place.
VUS.1.h. Using a decision-making model to analyze and explain the incentives for and consequences of a specific choice made.
VUS.8. The student will apply social science skills to understand how the nation grew and changed from the end of Reconstruction through the early twentieth century by:
VUS.8.b. Analyzing the factors that transformed the American economy from agrarian to industrial and explaining how major inventions transformed life in the United States, including the emergence of leisure activities.
VUS.8.c. Examining the contributions of new immigrants and evaluating the challenges they faced, including anti-immigration legislation.
VUS.8.e. Evaluating and explaining the social and cultural impact of industrialization, including rapid urbanization.