Virginia Standards of Learning
VA.SS.VS. Virginia Studies
Civil War and Postwar Eras
VS.7. The student will demonstrate an understanding of the issues that divided our nation and led to the Civil War by:
VS.7.a. Explaining the major events and the differences between northern and southern states that divided Virginians and led to secession, war, and the creation of West Virginia.
VA.SS.USI. United States History to 1865
Expansion and Reform: 1801 to 1861
USI.8. The student will apply social science skills to understand westward expansion and reform in America from 1801 to 1861 by:
USI.8.e. Explaining the main ideas of the abolitionist and women’s suffrage movements.
Civil War: 1861 to 1865
USI.9. The student will apply social science skills to understand the causes, major events, and effects of the Civil War by:
USI.9.a. Describing the cultural, economic, and constitutional issues that divided the nation.
USI.9.b. Explaining how the issues of states’ rights and slavery increased sectional tensions.
USI.9.e. Describing critical developments in the war, including the location of major battles.
USI.9.f. Describing the effects of war from the perspectives of Union and Confederate soldiers (including African American soldiers), women, and enslaved African Americans.
VA.SS.VUS. Virginia and United States History
VUS.1. The student will demonstrate skills for historical thinking, geographical analysis, economic decision making, and responsible citizenship by:
VUS.1.a. Synthesizing evidence from artifacts and primary and secondary sources to obtain information about events in Virginia and United States history.
VUS.1.d. Constructing arguments, using evidence from multiple sources.
VUS.1.e. Comparing and contrasting historical, cultural, economic, and political perspectives in Virginia and United States history.
VUS.1.f. Explaining how indirect cause-and-effect relationships impact people, places, and events in Virginia and United States history.
VUS.1.g. Analyzing multiple connections across time and place.
VUS.1.h. Using a decision-making model to analyze and explain the incentives for and consequences of a specific choice made.
VUS.1.j. Investigating and researching to develop products orally and in writing.
VUS.6. The student will apply social science skills to understand major events in Virginia and United States history during the first half of the nineteenth century by:
VUS.6.e. Evaluating the cultural, economic, and political issues that divided the nation, including tariffs, slavery, the abolitionist and women’s suffrage movements, and the role of the states in the Union.
VUS.6.f. Explaining how Manifest Destiny and President James K. Polk’s policies impacted the nation.
VUS.6.g. Evaluating and explaining the multiple causes and compromises leading to the Civil War, including the role of the institution of slavery.
Civil War and Reconstruction
VUS.7. The student will apply social science skills to understand the Civil War and Reconstruction eras and their significance as major turning points in American history by:
VUS.7.c. Evaluating and explaining the impact of the war on Americans, with emphasis on Virginians, African Americans, the common soldier, and the home front.