Virginia Standards of Learning
VA.SS.WHI. World History and Geography to 1500 A.D. (C.E.)
WHI.1. The student will demonstrate skills for historical thinking, geographical analysis, economic decision making, and responsible citizenship by:
WHI.1.e. Comparing and contrasting historical, cultural, economic, and political perspectives in world history.
WHI.1.f. Explaining how indirect cause-and-effect relationships impacted people, places, and events in world history.
WHI.1.g. Analyzing multiple connections across time and place.
Classical Civilizations and Rise of Religious Traditions, 1000 B.C. (B.C.E.) to 500 A.D. (C.E.)
WHI.6. The student will apply social science skills to understand ancient Rome from about 700 B.C. (B.C.E.) to 500 A.D. (C.E.) in terms of its impact on Western civilization by:
WHI.6.g. Evaluating the fall of the Western Roman Empire and the Germanic invasions.
WHI.7. The student will apply social science skills to understand the development of Christianity by:
WHI.7.b. Explaining the unifying role of the Church in Europe after the collapse of Rome.
WHI.7.c. Sequencing events related to the spread and influence of Christianity and the Catholic Church throughout Europe.
Postclassical Civilizations, 300 to 1000 A.D. (C.E.)
WHI.8. The student will apply social science skills to understand the Byzantine Empire and Eastern Europe from about 300 to 1000 A.D. (C.E.) by:
WHI.8.a. Explaining the influence of geography on the establishment of Constantinople as the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire and describing the Byzantine Empire in time and place.
WHI.8.c. Characterizing the role Byzantine art and architecture played in the preservation of Greek and Roman traditions.
WHI.8.d. Explaining the disputes that led to the split between the Roman Catholic Church and the Greek Orthodox Church.
WHI.8.e. Analyzing and explaining the influence of Byzantine culture on Eastern Europe.
WHI.10. The student will apply social science skills to understand Western Europe during the Middle Ages from about 500 to 1000 A.D. (C.E.) in terms of its impact on Western civilization by:
WHI.10.a. Locating and describing the societies of Western Europe during the Middle Ages in time and place.
WHI.10.e. Evaluating and explaining the development of feudalism and the manor system.
Regional Interactions, 1000 to 1500 A.D. (C.E.)
WHI.14. The student will apply social science skills to understand the social, economic, and political changes and cultural achievements in the high and late medieval periods by:
WHI.14.b. Explaining conflicts across Europe and Asia, including the Crusades and the fall of Constantinople.