Virginia Standards of Learning
VA.SS.USI. United States History to 1865
USI.2. The student will interpret maps, globes, photographs, pictures, or tables to:
USI.2.c. Locate major water features and explain their importance to the early history of the United States: Great Lakes, Mississippi River, Missouri River, Ohio River, Columbia River, Colorado River, Rio Grande, St. Lawrence River, Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, and Gulf of Mexico.
Expansion and Reform: 1801 to 1861
USI.8. The student will apply social science skills to understand westward expansion and reform in America from 1801 to 1861 by:
USI.8.a. Describing territorial expansion and how it affected the political map of the United States, with emphasis on the Louisiana Purchase, the Lewis and Clark expedition, and the acquisitions of Florida, Texas, Oregon, and California.
USI.8.d. Describing the impact of inventions, including the cotton gin, the reaper, the steamboat, and the steam locomotive, on life in America.
VA.SS.USII. United States History: 1865 to the Present
Reshaping the Nation and the Emergence of Modern America: 1877 to the Early 1900s
USII.4. The student will apply social science skills to understand how life changed after the Civil War by:
USII.4.d. Explaining the impact of new inventions, the rise of big business, the growth of industry, and the changes to life on American farms in response to industrialization.
USII.4.e. Evaluating and explaining the impact of the Progressive Movement on child labor, working conditions, the rise of organized labor, women’s suffrage, and the temperance movement.
VA.SS.WHII. World History and Geography: 1500 A.D. (C.E.) to the Present
Age of Revolutions and Imperialism
WHII.9. The student will apply social science skills to understand global interactions between 1800 to about 1900 by:
WHII.9.a. Locating the United States of America, describing its expansion between 1776 and 1900, and assessing its changing role in the world.
VA.SS.VUS. Virginia and United States History
VUS.1. The student will demonstrate skills for historical thinking, geographical analysis, economic decision making, and responsible citizenship by:
VUS.1.a. Synthesizing evidence from artifacts and primary and secondary sources to obtain information about events in Virginia and United States history.
VUS.1.d. Constructing arguments, using evidence from multiple sources.
VUS.1.e. Comparing and contrasting historical, cultural, economic, and political perspectives in Virginia and United States history.
VUS.1.f. Explaining how indirect cause-and-effect relationships impact people, places, and events in Virginia and United States history.
VUS.1.g. Analyzing multiple connections across time and place.
VUS.1.h. Using a decision-making model to analyze and explain the incentives for and consequences of a specific choice made.
VUS.1.j. Investigating and researching to develop products orally and in writing.
VUS.6. The student will apply social science skills to understand major events in Virginia and United States history during the first half of the nineteenth century by:
VUS.6.a. Explaining territorial expansion and its impact on the American Indians.
VUS.6.b. Describing the political results of territorial expansion.
VUS.8. The student will apply social science skills to understand how the nation grew and changed from the end of Reconstruction through the early twentieth century by:
VUS.8.a. Explaining the westward movement of the population in the United States, with emphasis on the role of the railroads, communication systems, admission of new states to the Union, and the impact on American Indians.
VUS.8.b. Analyzing the factors that transformed the American economy from agrarian to industrial and explaining how major inventions transformed life in the United States, including the emergence of leisure activities.
VUS.8.e. Evaluating and explaining the social and cultural impact of industrialization, including rapid urbanization.