Virginia Standards of Learning
VA.SS.WHI. World History and Geography to 1500 A.D. (C.E.)
WHI.1. The student will demonstrate skills for historical thinking, geographical analysis, economic decision making, and responsible citizenship by:
WHI.1.e. Comparing and contrasting historical, cultural, economic, and political perspectives in world history.
WHI.1.f. Explaining how indirect cause-and-effect relationships impacted people, places, and events in world history.
WHI.1.g. Analyzing multiple connections across time and place.
Classical Civilizations and Rise of Religious Traditions, 1000 B.C. (B.C.E.) to 500 A.D. (C.E.)
WHI.5. The student will apply social science skills to understand ancient Greece in terms of its impact on Western civilization by:
WHI.5.a. Locating Greek civilizations in time and place and describing their major geographic features.
WHI.5.b. Describing the social and religious structure of ancient Greece.
WHI.5.c. Describing the cultural development of Athens and Sparta, with emphasis on the significance of citizenship and the development of democracy.
WHI.5.d. Evaluating the political and economic development of Greece, with emphasis on the Persian and Peloponnesian wars.
WHI.5.e. Evaluating the significance of the conquest of Greece by Macedonia and the formation and spread of Hellenistic culture by Alexander the Great.
WHI.5.f. Citing and explaining contributions in drama, poetry, history, sculpture, architecture, science, mathematics, and philosophy, with emphasis on Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.
Regional Interactions, 1000 to 1500 A.D. (C.E.)
WHI.14. The student will apply social science skills to understand the social, economic, and political changes and cultural achievements in the high and late medieval periods by:
WHI.14.d. Evaluating and explaining the preservation and transfer to Western Europe of Greek, Roman, and Arabic philosophy, medicine, and science.