Virginia Standards of Learning
VA.SS.WHI. World History and Geography to 1500 A.D. (C.E.)
WHI.1. The student will demonstrate skills for historical thinking, geographical analysis, economic decision making, and responsible citizenship by:
WHI.1.e. Comparing and contrasting historical, cultural, economic, and political perspectives in world history.
WHI.1.f. Explaining how indirect cause-and-effect relationships impacted people, places, and events in world history.
WHI.1.g. Analyzing multiple connections across time and place.
Classical Civilizations and Rise of Religious Traditions, 1000 B.C. (B.C.E.) to 500 A.D. (C.E.)
WHI.6. The student will apply social science skills to understand ancient Rome from about 700 B.C. (B.C.E.) to 500 A.D. (C.E.) in terms of its impact on Western civilization by:
WHI.6.a. Locating Roman civilizations in time and place and describing their major geographic features.
WHI.6.b. Describing the social and religious structure of ancient Rome.
WHI.6.c. Describing the social structure and cultural development of the Roman Republic.
WHI.6.d. Describing and evaluating the political and military structure of the Roman Republic under the rule of Julius Caesar.
WHI.6.e. Describing and evaluating the political structure of the Roman Empire under the rule of Augustus Caesar.
WHI.6.f. Assessing the economic structure of Rome, Rome’s imperial conquests, and the Pax Romana.
WHI.6.g. Evaluating the fall of the Western Roman Empire and the Germanic invasions.
Regional Interactions, 1000 to 1500 A.D. (C.E.)
WHI.14. The student will apply social science skills to understand the social, economic, and political changes and cultural achievements in the high and late medieval periods by:
WHI.14.d. Evaluating and explaining the preservation and transfer to Western Europe of Greek, Roman, and Arabic philosophy, medicine, and science.