Virginia Standards of Learning
VA.SS.USI. United States History to 1865
Expansion and Reform: 1801 to 1861
USI.8. The student will apply social science skills to understand westward expansion and reform in America from 1801 to 1861 by:
USI.8.d. Describing the impact of inventions, including the cotton gin, the reaper, the steamboat, and the steam locomotive, on life in America.
VA.SS.USII. United States History: 1865 to the Present
Reshaping the Nation and the Emergence of Modern America: 1877 to the Early 1900s
USII.4. The student will apply social science skills to understand how life changed after the Civil War by:
USII.4.d. Explaining the impact of new inventions, the rise of big business, the growth of industry, and the changes to life on American farms in response to industrialization.
USII.4.e. Evaluating and explaining the impact of the Progressive Movement on child labor, working conditions, the rise of organized labor, women’s suffrage, and the temperance movement.
Turmoil and Change: 1890s to 1945
USII.6. The student will apply social science skills to understand the social, economic, and technological changes of the early twentieth century by:
USII.6.a. Explaining how developments in factory and labor productivity, transportation (including the use of the automobile), communication, and rural electrification changed American life and standard of living.
VA.SS.VUS. Virginia and United States History
VUS.1. The student will demonstrate skills for historical thinking, geographical analysis, economic decision making, and responsible citizenship by:
VUS.1.a. Synthesizing evidence from artifacts and primary and secondary sources to obtain information about events in Virginia and United States history.
VUS.1.d. Constructing arguments, using evidence from multiple sources.
VUS.1.e. Comparing and contrasting historical, cultural, economic, and political perspectives in Virginia and United States history.
VUS.1.f. Explaining how indirect cause-and-effect relationships impact people, places, and events in Virginia and United States history.
VUS.1.g. Analyzing multiple connections across time and place.
VUS.1.h. Using a decision-making model to analyze and explain the incentives for and consequences of a specific choice made.
VUS.1.j. Investigating and researching to develop products orally and in writing.
VUS.8. The student will apply social science skills to understand how the nation grew and changed from the end of Reconstruction through the early twentieth century by:
VUS.8.a. Explaining the westward movement of the population in the United States, with emphasis on the role of the railroads, communication systems, admission of new states to the Union, and the impact on American Indians.
VUS.8.b. Analyzing the factors that transformed the American economy from agrarian to industrial and explaining how major inventions transformed life in the United States, including the emergence of leisure activities.
VUS.8.e. Evaluating and explaining the social and cultural impact of industrialization, including rapid urbanization.