California Content Standards
CA.8. United States History and Geography: Growth and Conflict
8.2. Students analyze the political principles underlying the U.S. Constitution and compare the enumerated and implied powers of the federal government.
8.2.6. Enumerate the powers of government set forth in the Constitution and the fundamental liberties ensured by the Bill of Rights.
8.11. Students analyze the character and lasting consequences of Reconstruction.
8.11.1. List the original aims of Reconstruction and describe its effects on the political and social structures of different regions.
8.11.3. Understand the effects of the Freedmen's Bureau and the restrictions placed on the rights and opportunities of freedmen, including racial segregation and 'Jim Crow' laws.
CA.6-8.HSSA. Historical and Social Sciences Analysis Skills: The intellectual skills noted below are to be learned through, and applied to, the content standards for grades six through eight. They are to be assessed only in conjunction with the content standards in grades six through eight. In addition to the standards for grades six through eight, students demonstrate the following intellectual reasoning, reflection, and research skills.
6-8.CST. Chronological and Spatial Thinking
6-8.CST.1. Students explain how major events are related to one another in time.
6-8.HI. Historical Interpretation
6-8.HI.1. Students explain the central issues and problems from the past, placing people and events in a matrix of time and place.
6-8.HI.2. Students understand and distinguish cause, effect, sequence, and correlation in historical events, including the long-and short-term causal relations.
CA.CC.RH.6-8. Reading Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies
Craft and Structure
RH.6-8.4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies.
RH.6-8.5. Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally).
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
RH.6-8.10. By the end of grade 8, read and comprehend history/social studies texts in the grades 6–8 text complexity band independently and proficiently.