Social Studies Worksheets and Study Guides Eighth Grade. Reconstruction after the Civil War

The resources above correspond to the standards listed below:

Maryland College and Career-Ready Standards

MD.1.0. Political Science: Students will understand the historical development and current status of the fundamental concepts and processes of authority, power, and influence, with particular emphasis on the democratic skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens.
1.C. Protecting rights and maintaining order
1.C.2. Explain how the United States government protected or failed to protect the rights of individuals and groups
1.C.2.b. Describe methods that were used to deny civil rights to women, African Americans and Native Americans
1.C.3. Examine the principle of due process
1.C.3.a. Identify how due process of law protects individuals
1.C.3.b. Describe the due process protections in the Bill of Rights and the 14th Amendment
MD.4.0. Economics: Students will develop economic reasoning to understand the historical development and current status of economic principles, institutions, and processes needed to be effective citizens, consumers, and workers participating in local communities, the nation, and the world.
4.A. Scarcity and economic decision-making
4.A.2. Analyze how scarcity affected economic choices prior to 1877
4.A.2.c. Evaluate socio-economic goals in the North and South after to the Civil War
MD.5.0. History: Students will examine significant ideas, beliefs, and themes; organize patterns and events; and analyze how individuals and societies have changed over time in Maryland, the United States and around the world.
5.B. Emergence, expansion and changes in nations and empires
5.B.5. Analyze the political, economic, and social goals of reconstruction
5.B.5.a. Explain the goals and policies of the various Reconstruction plans
5.B.5.c. Identify the legal and illegal actions used to deny African-Americans civil rights
5.B.5.d. Evaluate the social and economic impact of sharecropping, tenant farming and the Freedman's Bureau in the post Civil War South
MD.6.0. Social Studies Skills and Processes: Students shall use reading, writing, and thinking processes and skills to gain knowledge and understanding of political, historical, and current events using chronological and spatial thinking, economic reasoning, and historical interpretation, by framing and evaluating questions from primary and secondary sources.
6.A. Read to learn and construct meaning about social studies
6.A.1. Use appropriate strategies and opportunities to increase understandings of social studies vocabulary
6.A.1.a. Acquire and apply new vocabulary through investigating, listening, independent reading and discussing a variety of print and non-print sources
6.A.1.b. Identify and use new vocabulary acquired through study of relationships to prior knowledge and experiences
6.A.1.c. Use context clues to understand new social studies vocabulary
6.A.1.d. Use new vocabulary in speaking and writing to gain and extend content knowledge and clarify expression
6.A.2. Use strategies to prepare for reading (before reading)
6.A.2.a. Identify the characteristics of informational texts, such as print features, graphic aids, informational aids, organizational aids, and online features
6.A.2.b. Preview the text by examining features, such as the title, pictures, maps, illustrations, photographs, charts, timelines, graphs, and icons
6.A.2.c. Set a purpose for reading the text
6.A.2.d. Ask questions and make predictions about the text
6.A.2.e. Make connections to the text using prior knowledge and experiences
6.A.3. Use strategies to monitor understanding and derive meaning from text and portions of text (during reading)
6.A.3.a. Identify and use knowledge of organizational structures, such as chronological order, cause/effect, main ideas and details, description, similarities/differences, and problem/solution to gain meaning
6.A.3.b. Reread slowly and carefully, restate, or read on and revisit difficult parts
6.A.3.d. Look back through the text to search for connections between and among ideas
6.A.3.e. Make, confirm, or adjust predictions about the text
6.A.3.f. Periodically summarize or paraphrase important ideas while reading
6.A.3.g. Visualize what was read for deeper meaning
6.A.3.h. Explain personal connections to the ideas or information in the text
6.A.4. Use strategies to demonstrate understanding of the text (after reading)
6.A.4.a. Identify and explain what is directly stated in the text
6.A.4.b. Identify, paraphrase, or summarize the main idea of the text
6.A.4.f. Explain what is not directly stated in the text by drawing inferences
6.A.4.g. Confirm or refute predictions made about the text to form new ideas
6.A.4.h. Connect the text to prior knowledge or personal experiences
6.A.4.i. Draw conclusions and make generalizations based on the text, multiple texts, and/or prior knowledge
6.B. Write to learn and communicate social studies understandings
6.B.1. Select and use informal writing strategies, such as short/response/essay answer/ brief constructed responses, journal writing, note taking, and graphic organizers, to clarify, organize, remember, and/or express new understandings
6.B.1.a. Identify key ideas
6.B.1.b. Connect key ideas to prior knowledge (personal experience, text and world)
6.D. Acquire social studies information
6.D.1. Identify primary and secondary sources of information that relate to the topic/situation/problem being studied
6.D.1.d. Access and process information that is factual and reliable from readings, investigations, and/or oral communications
6.F. Analyze social studies information
6.F.3. Synthesize information from a variety of sources
6.F.3.a. Recognize relationships in and among ideas or events, such as cause and effect, sequential order, main idea, and details
6.F.3.b. Reconstruct the arguments of issues or events
6.G. Answer social studies questions
6.G.2. Use historic contexts to answer questions
6.G.2.d. Understand the meaning, implication and impact of historic events and recognize that events could have taken other directions
MD.RH. Reading Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies
Key Ideas and Details
RH3.CCR. Anchor Standard: Analyze how and why individuals, events, and ideas develop and interact over the course of text.
RH.6-8.3. Analyze how and why individuals, events, or ideas develop and interact over the course of a text.
Craft and Structure
RH4.CCR. Anchor Standard: Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings, and analyze how specific word choices shape meaning or tone.
RH.6-8.4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies.
RH5.CCR. Anchor Standard: Analyze the structure of texts, including how specific sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of the text (e.g., a section, chapter, scene, or stanza) relate to each other and the whole.
RH.6-8.5. Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally).
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
RH10.CCR. Anchor Standard: Read and comprehend complex literary and informational texts independently and proficiently.
RH.6-8.10. By the end of grade 8, read and comprehend history/social studies texts in the grades 6–8 text complexity band independently and proficiently.

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