Virginia Standards of Learning
VA.SS.USII. United States History: 1865 to the Present
The United States since World War II
USII.8. The student will apply social science skills to understand the economic, social, and political transformation of the United States and the world between the end of World War II and the present by:
USII.8.a. Describing the rebuilding of Europe and Japan after World War II, the emergence of the United States and the Soviet Union as superpowers, and the establishment of the United Nations.
USII.8.c. Examining the role of the United States in defending freedom during the Cold War, including the wars in Korea and Vietnam, the Cuban missile crisis, the collapse of communism in Europe, and the rise of new challenges.
VA.SS.WG. World Geography
WG.18. The student will apply social science skills to analyze how forces of conflict and cooperation affect the division and control of Earth’s surface by:
WG.18.a. Explaining and evaluating reasons for the creation of different political divisions.
VA.SS.WHII. World History and Geography: 1500 A.D. (C.E.) to the Present
The Modern Era
WHII.11. The student will apply social science skills to understand World War II and its worldwide impact by:
WHII.11.b. Describing the leaders of the war, with emphasis on Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Douglas MacArthur, George C. Marshall, Winston Churchill, Joseph Stalin, Adolf Hitler, Hideki Tojo, and Hirohito.
WHII.11.e. Examining the effects of the war, with emphasis on the terms of the peace, the war crimes trials, the division of Europe, plans to rebuild Germany and Japan, and the creation of international cooperative organizations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948).
WHII.12. The student will apply social science skills to understand the conflicts during the second half of the twentieth century by:
WHII.12.a. Explaining the causes of the Cold War, including the competition between the American and Soviet economic and political systems and the causes of the collapse of communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe.
WHII.12.b. Describing the major leaders and events of the Cold War, including the location of major conflicts.
VA.SS.VUS. Virginia and United States History
VUS.1. The student will demonstrate skills for historical thinking, geographical analysis, economic decision making, and responsible citizenship by:
VUS.1.a. Synthesizing evidence from artifacts and primary and secondary sources to obtain information about events in Virginia and United States history.
VUS.1.d. Constructing arguments, using evidence from multiple sources.
VUS.1.e. Comparing and contrasting historical, cultural, economic, and political perspectives in Virginia and United States history.
VUS.1.f. Explaining how indirect cause-and-effect relationships impact people, places, and events in Virginia and United States history.
VUS.1.g. Analyzing multiple connections across time and place.
VUS.1.h. Using a decision-making model to analyze and explain the incentives for and consequences of a specific choice made.
VUS.1.j. Investigating and researching to develop products orally and in writing.
The United States since World War II
VUS.12. The student will apply social science skills to understand the United States’ foreign policy during the Cold War era by:
VUS.12.a. Locating and explaining the political boundary changes, and the formation of the United Nations and the Marshall Plan.
VUS.12.b. Explaining the origins and early development of the Cold War and how it changed American foreign policy, with emphasis on the Truman Doctrine and the policy of containment of communism.
VUS.12.c. Analyzing the efforts of the United States to protect Western Europe, including the role of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
VUS.12.e. Evaluating and explaining how policy changes impacted the United States’ relationships in Latin America.
VUS.13. The student will apply social science skills to understand the social, political, and cultural movements and changes in the United States during the second half of the twentieth century by:
VUS.13.a. Explaining the factors that led to United States expansion.