Pennsylvania Core and Academic Standards
PA.5.8. Civics and Government
5.4.8. How International Relationships Function
Countries and Conflicts
5.4.8.A. Describe how national interests lead to agreements and conflicts between and among countries.
Tools of Foreign Policy
5.4.8.B. Describe the foreign policy tools of diplomacy, economic aid, military aid, sanctions, and treaties.
8.1.8. Historical Analysis and Skills Development
Continuity and Change over Time
8.1.8.A. Compare and contrast events over time and how continuity and change over time influenced those events.
8.3.8. United States History
Contributions of Individuals and Groups (US History)
8.3.8.A. Examine the role groups and individuals played in the social, political, cultural, and economic development of the United States.
8.4.8. World History
Contributions of Individuals and Groups (World)
8.4.8.A. Compare the role groups and individuals played in the social, political, cultural, and economic development throughout world history.
Conflict and Cooperation (World)
8.4.8.D. Compare conflict and cooperation among groups and organizations which have impacted the history and development of the world.
PA.CC.8.5.6-8. Reading Informational Text: Students read, understand, and respond to informational text – with emphasis on comprehension, making connections among ideas and between texts with focus on textual evidence.
Craft and Structure
CC.8.5.6-8.D. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies.
CC.8.5.6-8.E. Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally).
Range and Level of Complex Texts
CC.8.5.6-8.J. By the end of grade 8, read and comprehend history/social studies texts in the grades 6–8 text complexity band independently and proficiently.