Virginia Standards of Learning
VA.SS.USII. United States History: 1865 to the Present
Turmoil and Change: 1890s to 1945
USII.7. The student will apply social science skills to understand the major causes and effects of American involvement in World War II by:
USII.7.a. Explaining the causes and events that led to American involvement in the war, including the attack on Pearl Harbor.
USII.7.b. Locating and describing the major events and turning points of the war in Europe and the Pacific.
VA.SS.WG. World Geography
WG.18. The student will apply social science skills to analyze how forces of conflict and cooperation affect the division and control of Earth’s surface by:
WG.18.a. Explaining and evaluating reasons for the creation of different political divisions.
VA.SS.WHII. World History and Geography: 1500 A.D. (C.E.) to the Present
The Modern Era
WHII.10. The student will apply social science skills to understand World War I and its worldwide impact by:
WHII.10.c. Analyzing and explaining the terms of the Treaty of Versailles and the actions of the League of Nations, with emphasis on the mandate system.
WHII.11. The student will apply social science skills to understand World War II and its worldwide impact by:
WHII.11.a. Explaining the major causes of the war.
WHII.11.b. Describing the leaders of the war, with emphasis on Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Douglas MacArthur, George C. Marshall, Winston Churchill, Joseph Stalin, Adolf Hitler, Hideki Tojo, and Hirohito.
WHII.11.c. Describing the major events, including major battles and the role of new technologies.
WHII.11.e. Examining the effects of the war, with emphasis on the terms of the peace, the war crimes trials, the division of Europe, plans to rebuild Germany and Japan, and the creation of international cooperative organizations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948).
VA.SS.VUS. Virginia and United States History
VUS.1. The student will demonstrate skills for historical thinking, geographical analysis, economic decision making, and responsible citizenship by:
VUS.1.a. Synthesizing evidence from artifacts and primary and secondary sources to obtain information about events in Virginia and United States history.
VUS.1.d. Constructing arguments, using evidence from multiple sources.
VUS.1.e. Comparing and contrasting historical, cultural, economic, and political perspectives in Virginia and United States history.
VUS.1.f. Explaining how indirect cause-and-effect relationships impact people, places, and events in Virginia and United States history.
VUS.1.g. Analyzing multiple connections across time and place.
VUS.1.h. Using a decision-making model to analyze and explain the incentives for and consequences of a specific choice made.
VUS.1.j. Investigating and researching to develop products orally and in writing.
Emergence of Modern America and World Conflicts
VUS.9. The student will apply social science skills to understand the emerging role of the United States in world affairs during the end of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries by:
VUS.9.b. Evaluating the United States’ involvement in World War I, including Wilson’s Fourteen Points.
VUS.9.c. Evaluating and explaining the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, with emphasis on the national debate in response to the League of Nations.
VUS.11. The student will apply social science skills to understand World War II by:
VUS.11.a. Analyzing the causes and events that led to American involvement in the war, including the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and the American response.
VUS.11.b. Describing and locating the major battles and key leaders of the European theater.
VUS.11.e. Analyzing the Holocaust (Hitler’s “final solution”), its impact on Jews and other groups, and the postwar trials of war criminals.
VUS.11.f. Evaluating and explaining the treatment of prisoners of war and civilians by the Allied and Axis powers.