New Jersey Standards
NJ.5.3.6. Life Science: Life science principles are powerful conceptual tools for making sense of the complexity, diversity, and interconnectedness of life on Earth. Order in natural systems arises in accordance with rules that govern the physical world, and the order of natural systems can be modeled and predicted through the use of mathematics.
5.3.6.B. Matter and Energy Transformations: Food is required for energy and building cellular materials. Organisms in an ecosystem have different ways of obtaining food, and some organisms obtain their food directly from other organisms.
All animals, including humans, are consumers that meet their energy needs by eating other organisms or their products.
5.3.6.B.2. Illustrate the flow of energy (food) through a community.
5.3.6.C. Interdependence: All animals and most plants depend on both other organisms and their environment to meet their basic needs.
If this change reduces another organism’s access to resources, that organism may move to another location or die.
5.3.6.C.3. Describe how one population of organisms may affect other plants and/or animals in an ecosystem.
NJ.5.4.6. Earth Systems Science: Earth operates as a set of complex, dynamic, and interconnected systems, and is a part of the all-encompassing system of the universe.
5.4.6.G. Biogeochemical Cycles: The biogeochemical cycles in the Earth systems include the flow of microscopic and macroscopic resources from one reservoir in the hydrosphere, geosphere, atmosphere, or biosphere to another, are driven by Earth's internal and external sources of energy, and are impacted by human activity.
An ecosystem includes all of the plant and animal populations and nonliving resources in a given area. Organisms interact with each other and with other components of an ecosystem.
5.4.6.G.2. Create a model of ecosystems in two different locations, and compare and contrast the living and nonliving components.