Analyze characteristics and properties of two- and three-dimensional geometric shapes and develop mathematical arguments about geometric relationships.
Identify, compare, and analyze attributes of two- and three-dimensional shapes and develop vocabulary to describe the attributes.
Classify two- and three-dimensional shapes according to their properties and develop definitions of classes of shapes such as triangles and pyramids.
Explore congruence and similarity.
Use visualization, spatial reasoning, and geometric modeling to solve problems.
Recognize geometric ideas and relationships and apply them to other disciplines and to problems that arise in the classroom or in everyday life.
Grade 3 Curriculum Focal Points (NCTM)
Geometry: Describing and analyzing properties of two-dimensional shapes
Students describe, analyze, compare, and classify two-dimensional shapes by their sides and angles and connect these attributes to definitions of shapes. Students investigate, describe, and reason about decomposing, combining, and transforming polygons to make other polygons. Through building, drawing, and analyzing two-dimensional shapes, students understand attributes and properties of two-dimensional space and the use of those attributes and properties in solving problems, including applications involving congruence and symmetry.