An orbit is the path followed by an object as it moves around another object in space due to gravity. The most common example of an orbit is the path of a planet around a star or the path of a moon around a planet. The shape of an orbit can be either circular or elliptical, depending on the gravitational forces at play.

**Gravity:**The force of attraction that exists between two objects with mass. In the context of orbits, gravity is what keeps an object in motion around another object.**Circular Orbit:**An orbit in the shape of a perfect circle, where the distance between the two objects remains constant.**Elliptical Orbit:**An orbit in the shape of an ellipse, where the distance between the two objects varies as the orbit progresses.**Orbital Period:**The time it takes for an object to complete one full orbit around another object.**Orbital Velocity:**The velocity required for an object to stay in a stable orbit around another object, determined by the balance between gravity and the object's inertia.

To better understand the concept of orbit, consider the following study guide questions:

- What is the primary force that governs the motion of objects in orbit?
- How does the shape of an orbit differ between a circular orbit and an elliptical orbit?
- What factors determine the orbital period of an object?
- Describe the relationship between orbital velocity and the stability of an orbit.
- Provide examples of natural and artificial objects in orbit around other objects in space.

By exploring these questions and delving into the principles of gravity, motion, and celestial mechanics, you can gain a comprehensive understanding of the fascinating phenomenon of orbits.

.Study GuideProperties of matter and Energy Worksheet/Answer key

Properties of matter and Energy Worksheet/Answer key

Properties of matter and Energy Worksheet/Answer key

Properties of matter and Energy Vocabulary/Answer key

Properties of matter and Energy Vocabulary/Answer key

Properties of matter and Energy

PHYSICAL SCIENCE (NGSS)

Matter and Its Interactions

Students who demonstrate understanding can:

Develop a model to describe that matter is made of particles too small to be seen.